Islamic Empire

/Tag: Islamic Empire
5 09, 2017

Medieval stained glass, eyeglasses, and modern glass

By |2019-04-16T13:03:48-07:00September 5th, 2017|Medieval, Modern, Science|0 Comments

Medieval glass: Islamic glass (probably Iraq, 800s AD, now in the Metropolitan Museum, New York) Medieval glass-making By the 1100s, glass-making was expanding again from West Asia; there were glassworks further east at Kuva in Central Asia (modern Uzbekistan). Who invented glass? Blowing glass Islamic science Medieval European science  All our medieval Europe articles Venice and [...]

31 08, 2017

Roman pottery – Ancient Rome

By |2018-10-12T09:00:10-07:00August 31st, 2017|Art, Romans|0 Comments

Campanian pottery from southern Italy Roman pottery used molds Roman pottery began with Etruscan-style pottery, but soon developed a tradition of its own. What was Etruscan pottery like? More Ancient Rome articles In general, potters in Italy tended to make their pots all one color. They didn't paint pictures on them the way potters did in Greece. Instead [...]

23 08, 2017

Jews in the Islamic Empire

By |2018-04-08T01:10:57-07:00August 23rd, 2017|Religion, West Asia|0 Comments

The synagogue where Maimonides worked in Cairo, Egypt (1100s AD) The Arabs first began to attack the Roman Empire in the 630s AD. At first, the Jews were quite enthusiastic about the idea of getting rid of their Christian persecutors. We don't really know whether the Jews actually helped the Arabs to conquer Israel and Syria. But many Roman [...]

19 08, 2017

Supernova – Space – Astronomy

By |2018-05-31T11:49:31-07:00August 19th, 2017|Physics|0 Comments

Supernova from space (thanks to NASA and the Hubble Telescope) What is a supernova? Supernovas are exploding stars. Red giant stars explode when they have used up their hydrogen and helium fuel, and converted most of their atoms to iron atoms. A red giant star explodes Red giant stars have a lot of gravity pulling them inward. Normally they don't collapse inward because the nuclear [...]

16 08, 2017

What is centrifugal force? Physics definitions

By |2019-03-11T05:58:01-07:00August 16th, 2017|Islam, Physics|0 Comments

Kids playing tetherball using centrifugal force Who first explained centrifugal force? When something is going straight, it always keeps going straight unless something else stops it or turns it. (The Iranian scientist Ibn Sina figured this out about 1000 AD). Who was Ibn Sina? Medieval Islamic science All our physics articles An example of centrifugal [...]

3 08, 2017

The Reconquista – Medieval Spain

By |2018-04-12T00:08:05-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Roland blows his horn for help and tries to break his sword on a rock (Chartres Cathedral) As soon as the Moors had conquered Spain in 711 AD, the descendants of the Visigoths and the Romans joined forces to try to get the Moors out of Spain again. These Spanish people gradually conquered more and more of Spain, beginning [...]

23 07, 2017

Medieval Islamic food

By |2017-07-23T17:01:31-07:00July 23rd, 2017|Food, Islam|1 Comment

Orange tree Around the Mediterranean, people continued in the Islamic period to rely on the three main foods from antiquity. Those were wheat (mostly bread), olive oil, and wine. Though technically Islam did not let you drink alcohol, still a lot of people did drink wine. People who didn't drink wine started to drink more tea. The Sogdians brought tea to the Islamic [...]

23 07, 2017

Medieval Islamic environment

By |2019-05-30T06:07:39-07:00July 23rd, 2017|Environment, Islam, West Asia|0 Comments

Bedouin tents today in the Arabian peninsula: Islamic environment Early medieval environment We can divide the environmental history of the medieval Islamic Empire into three different phases. The early phase, from the 600s to about 800 AD, is the time of the Umayyad and the Abbasid Caliphs. West Asian environment African environment Arabian [...]

23 06, 2017

Sugar and the Islamic Empire

By |2018-06-14T16:09:24-07:00June 23rd, 2017|Food, Islam|0 Comments

History of sugar: Sugar also has a lot of carbohydrates History of sugar in the Islamic Empire When the Abbasid army conquered northern India about 750 AD, the troops brought back sugar cane to the rest of the Islamic empire. (More about where sugar comes from) Maybe the climate changes of the Medieval [...]