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What’s the sun made of? – Astronomy – Science

By |2018-04-24T14:46:25+00:00August 19th, 2017|Physics|

The sun from space The Sun is a star, just like billions of other stars in the universe. Our Sun probably formed a little more than four and a half billion years ago, just a little bit before the planets formed around it. It's not one of the older stars in the Universe. Probably some of [...]

Meteors – Shooting stars – Astronomy

By |2018-05-31T11:49:25+00:00August 18th, 2017|History|

Lyrid meteor shower Meteors or meteorites are bits of rock (like granite) and ice - usually a mixture of rock and iron and nickel but sometimes just rock or just iron - from out in space that get sucked into the gravity of the Earth and fall through our atmosphere to the ground. Usually this is because a comet has passed close enough to the Earth for [...]

Jurassic Period – dinosaurs and ferns

By |2018-04-21T11:56:46+00:00June 24th, 2017|Geology, When|

A dinosaur skeleton When the Jurassic period began, about 199 million years ago, a lot of animals had just become extinct in the catastrophe that ended the Triassic period. This left room for the dinosaurs to have a lot of baby dinosaurs. Soon all different kinds of dinosaurs were living all over the [...]

What happened in the Cretaceous Period?

By |2018-04-21T11:56:37+00:00June 24th, 2017|Geology|

Volcano erupting During the Cretaceous period, beginning about 145 million years ago, the continents continued to drift away from each other, so that the mammals, birds, and dinosaurs on different continents evolved separately and got more and more different from each other. As the continents separated, the climate got cooler and rainier, and [...]

Why are chestnuts a famine food?

By |2017-06-21T00:30:52+00:00June 21st, 2017|Food|

Chestnuts Chestnut trees are related to oak trees, and like oak trees they probably evolved early, around 66 million years ago, around the end of the Cretaceous period, just before the dinosaurs died off. Wild chestnut trees grew in the eastern half of North America and all across Europe and northern Asia. (Horse [...]

What are reptiles? Biology and Evolution

By |2018-04-21T11:56:35+00:00May 26th, 2017|Biology|

Boa Constrictor snake Some kinds of amphibians evolved into reptiles about 300 million years ago. At this time, plate tectonics had moved more and more of the land on Earth into one big continent called Pangaea. All the land being together changed the weather so that it was drier and colder than before. That [...]

What are dinosaurs? Evolution and Biology

By |2018-04-21T11:56:44+00:00May 26th, 2017|Biology|

Tyrannosaurus Rex dinosaur (American Museum of Natural History) The first dinosaurs evolved out of earlier types of chordate reptiles about 230 million years ago, on the big land mass called Pangaea. At that time, all of the land on earth was stuck together in one big continent. Like other reptiles, dinosaurs were generally cold-blooded [...]

What are Mammals – Biology

By |2018-04-21T11:56:43+00:00May 26th, 2017|Biology|

Rat from New Zealand About 200 million years ago, when all the land on Earth was stuck together in one big continent called Pangaea, some animals related to reptiles living on Pangaea gradually evolved into a new group called mammals (MAMM-elz). The mammals were different from the earlier reptiles in several ways. First, [...]