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Ajax drags Cassandra away from the altar on an Athenian red-figure vase: the Cassandra myth

The Cassandra myth: Ajax the Lesser drags Cassandra away from the statue of Athena

Apollo curses Cassandra

Cassandra was a priestess of Apollo in Troy before the Trojan War. She was very beautiful, and Apollo saw her and fell in love with her.  He offered her the gift of prophecy (being able to see  what was going to happen in the future) if she would kiss him.

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Cassandra agreed, and he gave her the gift, but when he went to kiss her she spit in his mouth. Apollo was very angry. He could not take away her gift, but he changed it so that she would always know what was going to happen, but nobody would ever believe her when she told them.

Clytemnestra kills Cassandra - Greek red figure vase

Clytemnestra kills Cassandra

Nobody believes Cassandra

Sure enough, Cassandra told all the people in Troy to watch out for the Trojan Horse, but nobody paid any attention. After the Trojans lost the war, the Greek warrior Ajax the Lesser (not the same one as the other Ajax) attacked Cassandra.

What’s the Trojan Horse?
The Greek goddess Athena

She was holding on to a statue of Athena for protection, but Ajax pulled her away from the sacred place and raped her.

Cassandra’s enslavement and death

Then Ajax gave Cassandra to Agamemnon as a slave. Agamemnon took Cassandra home to Mycenae, where she warned him that Clytemnestra was going to kill him, but again no one believed her. After killing Agamemnon, Clytemnestra killed Cassandra too. (Or in some versions, the murderer is Clytemnestra’s lover Aegisthus.)

Who was Agamemnon?
And who is Clytemnestra?
Slavery in ancient Greece

Hubris and the Cassandra myth

Like her owner Agamemnon, Cassandra’s showing hubris: she deliberately goes against what a god wants. That’s never a safe thing to do, in Greek mythology.

What is hubris?
Niobe and her kids
Arachne the weaver
Medusa in the temple
Tantalus serves dinner

For other ancient examples of hubris, check out the stories of Niobe and her children, or Arachne the weaver, or Medusa, or Tantalus.

Learn by doing: Greek play-reading
More about Agamemnon

Bibliography and further reading about Cassandra:

Cassandra : A Novel and Four Essays, by Christa Wolf (1988). A feminist re-telling of the story of Troy through the eyes of Cassandra. Critically acclaimed (for adults).

The Autobiography of Cassandra: Princess & Prophetess of Troy, by Ursula Molinaro. A similar re-telling (1979).

The Iliad of Homer (Oxford Myths and Legends), by Barbara Leonie Picard. A retelling of the story.

The Iliad (Penguin Classics) by Homer. Translated by Robert Fagles. A great translation!

The Trojan Women and Hippolytus (Dover Thrift Editions) by Euripides. Continues the story of Cassandra, in Euripides’ play about the fall of Troy (translated into English). Very cheap!

The Oresteia, by Aeschylus, translated by Robert Fagles (Penguin Classics). The end of the Cassandra story, and her murder, by the same translator as the Iliad above.

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