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Early African warfare – mercenaries and catapults

By |2019-01-31T18:30:59-07:00October 3rd, 2017|Africa, War|

Early African warfare: Nubian archers in the Middle Kingdom (from the Nubian museum in Aswan, Egypt) The beginnings of war There has been fighting in Africa since the early Stone Age, when one group of people fought and killed another group in order to take over their land along the shore of a [...]

Mercenaries and military history

By |2018-04-20T08:25:06-07:00September 20th, 2017|War|

Nubian archers in the Middle Kingdom (from the Nubian museum in Aswan, Egypt). About 2000 BC. Mercenaries (MURR-sinn-air-eez) are paid volunteer soldiers: they are soldiers who are fighting as a job, not in order to save their country or for the glory of God. They only fight if they are paid, or for the [...]

Cherokee warfare – Native Americans

By |2018-04-07T17:05:46-07:00August 10th, 2017|Native American, War|

Cherokee arrowhead In the Late Woodland and Mississippian period, about 500 AD to 1500 AD, Cherokee men fought a lot of wars with their neighbors, especially against the Creek and the Chocktaw men. When Cherokee men were fighting their enemies, they tied strips of otter skin around their heads, upper arms, and legs below the knees, to show that they [...]

Atlatls or spear-throwers

By |2019-02-05T05:42:12-07:00August 8th, 2017|Economy, Native American|

Atlatl history: this is an ancient atlatl What is an atlatl? An atlatl, or spear-thrower, is a wooden or bone stick with a hook on one end that you can use to throw a spear farther than you could throw it without using an atlatl. Flint spear-points Paleo-Indians All our Native American articles [...]

European Warfare – Military history

By |2018-04-20T08:25:05-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, War|

British cannon from the Hundred Years' War (now at Mont St. Michel) Not long before 1500 AD, everything medieval soldiers did in wars suddenly changed. First, Europeans learned how to make and use gunpowder from Central Asian scientists, and they put gunpowder into metal cannons. Once you had cannons, you could blow holes in thick castle walls and in soldiers' armor, and [...]

In Flanders Fields – a war poem

By |2018-04-20T08:25:05-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, War|

Poppies growing in a field This poem, written by John McCrae in May 1915, was one of the most famous poems of World War I. McCrae himself died in the war in 1918, and his poem is remembered every year when millions of people wear red poppies pinned to their jackets or hats to [...]

Weapons, war, and armor in medieval Europe

By |2017-08-04T13:56:30-07:00August 4th, 2017|Medieval, War|

British cannon from the Hundred Years' War (now at Mount St. Michel) Throughout the Middle Ages, nobody in Europe had much money or power. Kings couldn't afford to maintain a standing, professional army the way the Romans had. Instead, when the king wanted to fight a war, he ordered each of his lords [...]