Visigoths

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Mercenaries and military history

By |2018-04-20T08:25:06+00:00September 20th, 2017|War|

Nubian archers in the Middle Kingdom (from the Nubian museum in Aswan, Egypt). About 2000 BC. Mercenaries (MURR-sinn-air-eez) are paid volunteer soldiers: they are soldiers who are fighting as a job, not in order to save their country or for the glory of God. They only fight if they are paid, or for the [...]

Roman army from the Republic to the fall of Rome

By |2018-04-25T10:26:45+00:00September 5th, 2017|Romans, War|

Testudo formation on the Column of Trajan, Rome Roman soldiers learned how to do a lot of complicated movements so that they could fight better. One of the most famous was the testudo or "turtle".  All the soldiers used their shields to make a sort of shell all around the unit, as you [...]

Roman empire – ancient Rome

By |2018-04-25T09:54:55+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

The Roman emperor Augustus As the Romans were conquering the whole Mediterranean, the rich men who were running the government got richer and richer - very very rich. They began fighting each other to rule the new empire. By 30 BC one man - Augustus - was ruling the Roman Empire. After Augustus died, his relatives inherited his throne. [...]

The Visigoths sack Rome – the fall of Rome

By |2018-04-25T10:02:23+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

A gold coin of the Roman empress Eudoxia, Arcadius' wife and the ruler of the Roman Empire Honorius and Arcadius When Theodosius died in 395 AD, he left the Roman Empire to his two sons, Honorius and Arcadius. Honorius took the West and Arcadius the East. But like other emperors who had been brought up at court, neither [...]

Pope Gregory the Great – Early medieval Christianity

By |2018-04-13T11:21:23+00:00August 22nd, 2017|Medieval, Religion|

Pope Gregory the Great writing, carved near Strasbourg, about 875 AD. That's under Charlemagne's grandchildren. The Holy Spirit (in the form of a dove) sits on his shoulder and dictates to him. The elephant ivory is probably from Kenya. (Now in Vienna Kunsthistorisches Museum) Gregory was Pope in Rome beginning in 590 AD. That's just after [...]

Augustine of Hippo – Christianity and the fall of Rome

By |2017-08-21T15:41:56+00:00August 21st, 2017|Religion, Romans|

The Roman theater at Thagaste (Souk Ahras), in Algeria, where Augustine grew up. Augustine was born in a small town in North Africa in the mid-300s AD. His parents were not poor, so when he got older and it seemed that he was very smart, they sent him to a bigger city to go [...]

Gregory of Tours – Medieval historian

By |2017-08-03T22:21:27+00:00August 3rd, 2017|Literature, Medieval|

This reading desk belonged to a nun, St. Radegund, who was Gregory's friend. Do you see the chi-rho symbol near the top? Gregory of Tours was born about 538 AD - we don't know exactly when. His parents were both rich people, from rich families. When Gregory grew up, he became the Bishop of Tours, which was a city in the center [...]

Early Middle Ages – Dark Age Europe

By |2017-08-02T16:40:06+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Interior of Hagia Sophia The Early Middle Ages comes after the fall of Rome, about 400 AD. But all the way through the Early Middle Ages, European people still thought of themselves as living in the Roman Empire and being Romans. Even armies who had invaded by force thought they were Romans. Even armies who [...]

Who were the Visigoths? Early Middle Ages

By |2018-04-09T10:31:12+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Gold coin minted by King Euric,with the name of the Roman Emperor on it The Visigoths established a kingdom for themselves within the collapsing Roman Empire in 418 AD. They took over most of south-western France (Aquitaine), a very fertile area where many Romans lived. The Visigoths at first acted more or less as representatives of the Roman government. They [...]

The Vandals – Early Middle Ages

By |2017-09-03T15:11:45+00:00August 2nd, 2017|Africa, History, Medieval|

The Rhine river, frozen over The Vandals first entered the collapsing Roman Empire from Germany in the winter of 409 AD. They crossed the frozen Rhine river with a group of Alans and Sueves. The Vandals were taking advantage of a rebellion within the Empire that kept the Romans from defending themselves well. The Vandals (with the Alans and [...]