Peru

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10 09, 2017

World history timeline: from Jesus to 400 AD

By |2017-10-14T14:56:41-07:00September 10th, 2017|History, Romans, When|0 Comments

Roman amphitheater (El Jem, Tunisia) The great empires formed during the last years before Christ continued peacefully through much of this period. In India, the Mauryan Empire collapsed. There was a period of smaller kingdoms. But by 319 AD northern India reunited under the Guptan Empire. In China, the Han Dynasty lasted until 220 AD, but then fell apart [...]

9 09, 2017

Norte Chico history – South America

By |2018-11-09T08:31:23-07:00September 9th, 2017|History, South America|1 Comment

Norte Chico building: Stepped platform at Caral (ca. 2200 BC) When did people first reach Peru? People probably first arrived in Peru about 13,000 BC. They were following the Pacific coast south from North America. More about Native Americans More South America articles Like the people who settled Brazil, on the other side of South America, around [...]

9 09, 2017

Who were the Nazca? South American history

By |2018-10-31T07:59:48-07:00September 9th, 2017|History, South America|2 Comments

Nazca lines - a giant monkey drawn on the desert floor Nazca replace the Chavin After the Chavin state collapsed about 250 BC, two new states formed in Peru - the Moche in the north and the Nazca in the south. What were the Chavin like? More about the Moche South America articles So by about 100 BC, [...]

9 09, 2017

Who were the Moche? South American history

By |2019-03-01T10:20:41-07:00September 9th, 2017|History, South America|0 Comments

Moche portrait of a blind man, 400-500 AD (thanks to Oberlin College) The collapse of the Chavin state in Peru, about 250 BC, seems to have opened the way for the Moche and the Nazca to develop states of their own. The Moche started up around 100 AD along the Pacific coast of South America, in what is now northern Peru. The [...]

9 09, 2017

Who were the Inca? South American history

By |2019-09-12T05:07:04-07:00September 9th, 2017|History, South America|0 Comments

Inca history: Macchu Picchu Before the Inca Until the 1400s AD, the Pacific coast of South America was made up of a lot of small independent kingdoms. First the Valdivia and Norte Chico people lived there. Then the Moche, the Chavin and the Mapuche took over. Who were the Norte Chico people? Who were the Moche? And the Mapuche? South [...]

9 09, 2017

Who were the Chavin? South American history

By |2019-03-20T21:43:54-07:00September 9th, 2017|South America|0 Comments

Chavin stone carving From Norte Chico to Chavin By around 900 BC, the Norte Chico people of northern Peru developed into the Chavin culture. Like the earlier Norte Chico people, the Chavin people used irrigation to farm potatoes, tomatoes, peanuts, and hot chili peppers. Who were the Norte Chico people? What about Valdivia further north? History of potatoes All our South America [...]

8 09, 2017

What are llamas? South American animals

By |2018-04-12T08:53:21-07:00September 8th, 2017|Environment, South America|0 Comments

A llama in Bolivia Llamas evolved from camels. Camels evolved in North America about 45 million years ago. They lived in the Rocky Mountains and all across the southern part of North America. While they were still in North America, some camels evolved into llamas. Llamas spread from there south into South America about 3 million years ago. [...]

8 09, 2017

South American and Central American architecture

By |2018-04-12T08:53:21-07:00September 8th, 2017|Architecture, Central America, South America|0 Comments

Olmec Pyramid, La Venta, Mexico (500 BC) The earliest big buildings from South America are in Ecuador and Peru, along the Pacific coast. The Norte Chico people and the Valdivia people built stone temples there as early as 3500 BC. Later on, people also built stone buildings in Central America (modern Mexico). Olmec people built them about 1150 [...]

8 09, 2017

Central and South American history – colonization

By |2018-04-29T10:45:08-07:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, History, South America|0 Comments

South American history: Aztec doctor treating people with smallpox (1500s AD, Codex Mendoza) The Inca, Brazil, and Chile In 1500 AD, the Inca Empire dominated the east coast of South America. Further north, the Aztec empire under Montezuma II controlled Mexico and what is now Guatemala. In the center of South America was the Amazon rain forest. Many people lived [...]

7 09, 2017

Silver and silver mining – the history

By |2019-04-05T07:16:59-07:00September 7th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Silver mining slaves at Laurion, near Athens Why did people want silver? People first mined silver in the Bronze Age. Like gold, silver is a great way to help people trade. More about gold The history of money The Bronze Age Silver's easy to carry around Even before people started to make coins, little [...]