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Nicephorus and Leo – Byzantine history

By |2018-04-15T16:50:55+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Maybe the skull cup was something like this? Nicephorus deposed the Empress Irene in 802 AD and made himself emperor. He refused to pay tribute to the Islamic caliph, and therefore lost still more Roman territory to the Abbasids. On the other hand, he fought successfully for Greece against the Slavs and Bulgars, and negotiated with Charlemagne to recognize his claim to the [...]

Basil, Zoe, and the Armenian Dynasty

By |2017-08-01T16:42:13+00:00August 1st, 2017|History, Medieval|

Basil I (867-886 AD) Basil killed Bardas and took over as Roman Emperor in 867 AD. That started the Armenian Dynasty. People call it that because of Basil's Armenian ancestors. (Sometimes people call it the Macedonian Dynasty because Basil was born in Macedon.) Basil continued basically the same policies as Bardas had. He was nice to the Bulgars [...]

Theseus and Ariadne – Greek mythology

By |2018-04-23T13:37:37+00:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Theseus leaves Ariadne on Delos - fresco painting from Pompeii Theseus and Ariadne were on their way home from Crete after killing the Minotaur. But when they got to the island of Delos, halfway home from Crete, they stopped to rest. Ariadne fell asleep, and Theseus left her there on the island and sailed away to Athens without her. [...]

Theseus kills the Minotaur – Greek myth

By |2018-04-23T13:36:45+00:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Theseus and the Minotaur - Athenian black-figure vase, ca. 550 BC According to the Greek story, Prince Theseus was the son of King Aegeus of Athens, not too long before the Trojan War (so maybe around 1300 BC). At this time the Minoans, who lived on the island of Crete, had a very strong navy. The Minoan king, King [...]

Minotaur – the Labyrinth – Greek mythology

By |2018-04-23T11:50:18+00:00July 15th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Pasiphae holds the baby Minotaur Once upon a time on the island of Crete, maybe about 1325 BC, Europa's son Minos became the king of Crete, and his wife was Queen Pasiphae (in the story; this is only a story). The gods were angry at Minos and Pasiphae (PAH-si-fay), and they made them have a monster for a [...]

Daedalus and Icarus – Greek mythology

By |2018-04-23T11:41:36+00:00July 15th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Daedalus and Icarus: Icarus falling (on a wall painting from Pompeii,about 79 AD) Daedalus the inventor Once upon a time on the island of Crete, maybe about 1325 BC, there was a king whose name was Minos (in the story; this is only a story). He had living in his palace at Knossos a great architect and [...]

Early Bronze Age Greek Architecture

By |2017-07-01T00:40:32+00:00July 1st, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|

Drawing of a megaron house One important Early Bronze Age site is the town of Lerna. Lerna has a lot of small stone houses, and one house that is larger than the others. Archaeologists call this big house the House of the Tiles. That's because instead of having a thatched roof this house had [...]