Achilles

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Who were the Trojans? – West Asian history

By |2018-04-07T17:04:51+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

A reconstruction of what Troy VI might have looked like. For thousands of years, people read Homer's Iliad and learned the story of the Trojan War. But nobody knew if it had really happened, or if there really even was a city of Troy. In the 1800s, a German man named Heinrich Schliemann decided to look for [...]

Duryodhana and Karna – India’s Mahabharata

By |2018-10-26T08:01:07+00:00July 20th, 2017|India, Literature|

Duryodhana (Cambodia, ca. 900s AD) Who was Duryodhana? Duryodhana was the enemy of the Pandavas in the story of the Mahabharata. He's forced out of power when the Pandavas defeat him. His friend Karna fights for him, defeating many kings, but eventually Arjuna kills Karna in a great battle. More about the Mahabharata Lots of India [...]

The Greek underworld – Hades

By |2018-04-23T09:49:50+00:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Religion|

Hades and Persephone in the underworld Greek people didn't like to talk about what happened to you after you died. So we don't know as much about what they thought as we might like. Probably they did not think about life after death as much as later people like the Christians and the Buddhists did, or [...]

Penthesileia and Achilles – Greek mythology

By |2018-04-23T10:11:12+00:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Achilles and Penthesileia, on an Athenian vase painted by Exekias Penthesileia (pen-tha-sill-AY-ah) was the Queen of the Amazons, in Greek mythology. The Amazons were a group of warriors who were all women and girls. Penthesileia's story happens a little before the time of the Trojan War, in the Late Bronze Age. So Penthesileia and the Amazons lived to [...]

Iphigeneia in Aulis – Euripides – ancient Greece

By |2018-04-23T11:42:46+00:00July 15th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Iphigeneia brought to the sacrifice (Pompeii, ca. 79 AD) When Helen ran off with Paris, her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta, was very upset. He went to visit his older brother, Agamemnon (ag-a-MEM-non), the king of Mycenae. Menelaus reminded Agamemnon about the oath that all the suitors swore when they were fighting over who would marry Helen. Menelaus insisted that his brother call [...]

Achilles debate – Greek literature activity

By |2018-04-23T09:02:50+00:00July 15th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Achilles debate: this is Achilles, on a Greek black-figure vase from around 530 BC Achilles, the hero of Homer's Iliad, learned that he had a choice. He could choose to live a long, healthy life ruling his small kingdom, with his children and grandchildren around him, and then die and be forgotten like other men. [...]

Who is Achilles? Greek mythology

By |2018-04-23T10:05:29+00:00July 13th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Achilles, on a Greek black-figure vase from around 530 BC Who were Achilles' parents? Achilles was a great warrior in ancient Greek stories. He was the son of Peleus and Thetis. Peleus was a king in Greece, and Thetis was a nymph. (That's a sort of fairy.) What is an Achilles heel? When Achilles was [...]

What is arete? Virtue in Greek philosophy – Definition of arete

By |2018-01-01T18:30:43+00:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

Arete in action: Penelope and her slave watch Odysseus kill the suitors Definition of arete: In ancient Greece, arete meant "goodness" or "excellence". It's related to araomai, to pray, and to aristos, meaning "the best." That's where the word "aristocracy" comes from. Aristocracy is the rule of the best people. So you needed arete [...]