What is the Quran?
For Islamic believers, memorizing many verses from the Quran is a way of honoring God, or Allah. Children often memorized the whole Quran as they went through school.
According to believers, the Quran is the words of God, passed by the angel Gabriel to the Prophet Mohammed, written down so they will not be forgotten.
What does the Quran say?
Like the Jewish Torah, the Quran said that people should not eat meat from pigs. Most people in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Arabian Peninsula, especially richer people, already didn’t eat pigs. They had thought it was nasty to eat pigs for thousands of years, since the Egyptian New Kingdom. So they would have thought this was a good idea to have in the Quran, and just normal, the way they ate anyway. For poorer people, not eating pigs was the way they wanted to eat if they could afford it.
The Quran and the rights of women
Also, the Quran gave many rights to women that women had not had before. Women inherited money from their parents, and kept control of their own money when they were married, and they could get a divorce if their husband beat them.
What stories are in the Quran?
The Quran tells many of the same stories that are in the Jewish Torah and the Christian Bible. But the Quran tells the stories in somewhat different ways. For instance, the Quran includes the story of Nuh, who is the same as Noah in the Torah. And there’s the story of Ishmael, who is the same as Isaac in the Torah. The Quran also includes the story of Musa, who is the same as Moses in the Torah. But the Quran also tells different stories, that are not in the Torah.