Many people in ancient Egypt went barefoot their whole lives. It was warm there even in the winter, and people thought shoes were an unnecessary expense. Kids, especially, didn’t usually have any shoes, or they had their parents’ old worn-out shoes.
But we know some children did have shoes, because we find straw sandals in baby sizes, as you can see in this picture.
Most people who did have shoes wore shoes made out of straw or reeds. Shoemakers took the straw or reeds and wove it into flip-flops that you could buy at the shoe store. (The ones in the pictures are missing the top cords, which have broken or gotten lost).
A Japanese man weaving straw sandals
Richer people had sandals made out of leather, which were stronger and lasted longer.
Learn by doing: Dress like an Egyptian
Find out about socks in ancient Egypt
More about Egyptian clothing
Eyewitness: Ancient Egypt, by George Hart. Easy reading.
Ancient Egyptian Fashions, by Tom Tierney (1999). Easy reading.
Ancient Egyptian Costumes Paper Dolls, by Tom Tierney (1997).
Women’s Work: The First 20,000 Years : Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times, by Elizabeth Wayland Barber (1995). Harder going, but an interested high schooler could read it. Fascinating ideas about the way people made cloth in ancient times, and why it was that way.