Ancient Egypt

Home » Ancient Egypt

Where did alphabet letters come from?

By |2019-07-15T23:42:04-07:00October 2nd, 2017|Literature, West Asia|

The first alphabet letters: the Canaanite alphabet Early Canaanite alphabet Each of the letters of the early Canaanite alphabet was the first sound of the most ordinary words in their language. The letter was a picture of that word's meaning. Who invented the alphabet? Writing before the alphabet Mesopotamian cuneiform All our West Asia articles [...]

What is a bellows? Who invented the bellows?

By |2018-12-12T11:45:27-07:00September 7th, 2017|History|

(Tomb of Rekhmire, Egypt, ca. 1450 BC) Who invented the first bellows? About 14,000 BC, potters in China started to use kilns to fire clay pots. By about 3500 BC, people in West Asia were beginning to use furnaces to smelt metal - to burn copper and tin ore and melt it to get the copper and tin out, and mix them to make bronze. [...]

What is opium? World history of medicine and drugs

By |2017-09-07T09:33:48-07:00September 7th, 2017|Central Asia, Science|

Opium poppy flower Opium comes from a kind of poppy flower. It evolved around 100 million years ago in West Asia and Central Asia. People probably realized as soon as they got to West Asia, about 60,000 years ago, that you could use opium as a medicine. By 6000 BC, in the Stone Age, West Asian farmers were already growing opium in their [...]

History of the human body – doctors and science

By |2018-04-25T17:08:36-07:00September 6th, 2017|Science|

Ebers Papyrus, one of the oldest known medical texts. From Egypt, about 1550 BC Doctors have been trying to figure out how the human body works since the Stone Age, and there are still many things we don't know about the human body even today. Medical researchers all over the world have contributed bits [...]

Ancient diseases and doctors – History of medicine

By |2019-05-13T10:53:35-07:00September 6th, 2017|Egypt, Science|

Greek doctor letting blood out of a patient because he believes in the four humors: history of medicine How did ancient doctors treat diseases? Ancient doctors tried to cure everyone who was sick, but they did better with some diseases than with others. The history of medicine is full of mistakes as well as [...]

History of glass – Who invented glass?

By |2019-07-07T10:37:45-07:00September 5th, 2017|Ancient, Science, West Asia|

Obsidian: naturally occurring glass History of glass: Glass beads from Old Kingdom Egypt, about 2700-2500 BC People have been using naturally occurring glass since the Stone Age, when they wanted an especially sharp edge on a tool or an arrowhead. What is obsidian? Egyptian science African science All our ancient Egypt articles All Africa [...]

What is pi? Simple geometry – Math, circles, circumference, diameter

By |2018-04-23T16:01:03-07:00July 29th, 2017|Math|

What is pi? The geometry of a circle What is pi? Pi is a number that is just a little bigger than 3.14. It is the number you get if you divide the circumference of any circle by its diameter. It's the same for all circles. You can approximate pi for yourself by taking some circular things like the tops [...]

Who was Euclid? History of Geometry

By |2019-05-31T20:43:18-07:00July 18th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, Science|

An Egyptian papyrus from about 100 AD which is a piece of one of Euclid's books Euclid's life and background Nobody knows much about Euclid's life anymore - it is all forgotten. We only know that he worked at the University of Alexandria, in Egypt, for a while. University of Alexandria Greek mathematics Egyptian math [...]

Who was Eratosthenes? Astronomy and math

By |2019-05-30T20:45:26-07:00July 18th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, Science|

Eratosthenes of Cyrene went to school here! A classroom at the University of Alexandria (al-Ahram 2004). Who was Eratosthenes of Cyrene? Eratosthenes of Cyrene was born about 276 BC. He was born in Cyrene (modern Libya), in North Africa. North African history Early Egyptian science African science and math All our Africa articles Chief [...]