Sudan

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20 09, 2017

Mercenaries and military history

By |2018-04-20T08:25:06-07:00September 20th, 2017|War|0 Comments

Nubian archers in the Middle Kingdom (from the Nubian museum in Aswan, Egypt). About 2000 BC. Mercenaries (MURR-sinn-air-eez) are paid volunteer soldiers: they are soldiers who are fighting as a job, not in order to save their country or for the glory of God. They only fight if they are paid, or for the [...]

12 09, 2017

West Asian economy – Mesopotamia and Iran

By |2019-09-05T05:42:23-07:00September 12th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Obsidian tools West Asia is located in the middle of the very wide land mass we call Europe and Asia and Africa, and so it has always played an important part in moving things from east to west and from west to east. Beginning as early as the Stone Age, about 7000 BC, people in West [...]

10 09, 2017

Late Bronze Age timeline: 2000 – 1000 BC

By |2017-09-10T17:55:52-07:00September 10th, 2017|Central Asia, History|0 Comments

Earliest known spoked wheels, from a grave in western Siberia When about 2000 BC the Central Asians invented better wheels with spokes, so you could fight from your chariot, a new wave of Indo-Europeans moved from Central Asia west to Greece, and Italy, or south into Egypt and Iran, and from Iran about 1500 BC to India. Some of [...]

21 08, 2017

Where do Easter eggs come from? History of religion

By |2019-03-22T11:44:51-07:00August 21st, 2017|Religion|0 Comments

Ostrich eggshell from Diepkloof Rock Shelter, South Africa (60,000 BC) When did people start dyeing eggs? Easter eggs go back long before Easter, and even long before the beginning of farming. As long ago as the Paleolithic, about 60,000 BC, people in Africa were scratching patterns and lines on ostrich eggs, though nobody knows what they had in [...]

25 06, 2017

What is basalt? Igneous rock

By |2019-02-10T14:53:51-07:00June 25th, 2017|Geology|0 Comments

Where does basalt come from? Basalt is a fine-grained, hard rock that forms when bits of lava shoot out of volcanoes, so it's one kind of igneous rock. Igneous rocks Volcanoes All our geology articles What is basalt made of? Early Stone Age basalt choppers from Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania) When the lava cools [...]

20 06, 2017

Farming and famine – Climate change

By |2019-04-09T19:16:10-07:00June 20th, 2017|Environment|0 Comments

Climate change: Hunters, bison and aurochs Cave painting from Lascaux, ca. 15,000 BC Climate change and human evolution Climate change encouraged the evolution of the first humans, who probably evolved in Africa as the climate got drier and grasslands replaced jungles. Human evolution Early primates African environment All our Africa articles People came [...]

18 06, 2017

Who was the African god Bes?

By |2019-03-22T06:51:30-07:00June 18th, 2017|Egypt|0 Comments

The Egyptian god Bes An African god Beginning about 2500 BC, near the end of the Old Kingdom period in Egypt, people started worshipping a new god, Bes. Nobody knows for sure where Bes came from, but he may have started out as a Nubian god, from south of Egypt in what's now [...]

18 06, 2017

Amun – Egyptian god – religion in Ancient Egypt

By |2019-01-24T12:22:03-07:00June 18th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, Religion|0 Comments

The Egyptian god Amun is the blue figure in the center.(From the tomb of Rameses VI at Luxor) Why does Amun have blue skin? Amun (or Amon), in Egyptian religion, was the god of air and wind. He was sometimes invisible, like air. Other times artists showed Amun with blue skin, or as [...]

15 06, 2017

When did the Persians rule Egypt?

By |2018-05-08T15:36:34-07:00June 15th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, History|0 Comments

Cambyses II capturing the Egyptian pharaoh Psamtik, from a seal (500s BC) The Persian king Cambyses II conquered Egypt in 525 BC. Libyans attacked from the east, but the Persians fought them off. After the Greek victory at Marathon in 490 BC, the Egyptians revolted against the Persians (in 484 and again in 460 BC) with [...]