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Ottoman Empire in the 1700s

By | 2017-09-11T10:47:26+00:00 September 11th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Enderun Library, Topkapi Palace (Istanbul, 1719) By 1703 AD, people were unhappy enough with Feyzullah Efendi that the Sultan killed him. The Sultan's mother, Rabia Gulnus, took charge of the government. Rabia's main worry was Peter the Great's strength in Russia, just north of the Ottoman Empire. In 1710, Rabia had her son declare [...]

Iran and British colonialism – the 1800s

By | 2017-09-11T08:19:21+00:00 September 11th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Fath-Ali Shah Qajar Muhammed Khan Qajar conquered a lot of land for Iran, and made Iran richer. But that didn't stop him from being killed in 1797, when he was 55 years old. He had ruled for only three years. Muhammed had no kids, but his young nephew Fath-Ali was already the governor of [...]

Influenza – History of Medicine

By | 2017-09-07T08:01:28+00:00 September 6th, 2017|Science|

Clay hen whistle from Mohenjo Daro (ca. 2700 BC, now in Brooklyn Museum) Influenza is a virus that mostly infects birds - like chickens - and pigs. But influenza can also attack people. Probably people started to get influenza around the time they started keeping chickens and living in cities - in China and India, about 3000 BC, in Greece about 500 BC, and in North [...]

Medieval Hanukkah – Jewish holidays

By | 2017-08-24T11:55:10+00:00 August 24th, 2017|Medieval, Religion|

Arch of Titus: Roman soldiers carry off the big menorah from the Second Temple in Jerusalem (70 AD, but the arch was built in the 80s AD) In 70 AD, after the First Jewish Revolt, the Roman emperor Titus destroyed the Second Temple. Titus plundered the menorah along with other treasures from the Temple. He brought it back to [...]

The Inuit and Canadian history

By | 2017-11-09T18:05:58+00:00 August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

An Inuit village in 1575 AD In 1500 AD, the Inuit weren't doing so well. They had been buying steel and iron weapons from Vikings and East Asian traders. They used their good weapons to hunt whales, and they lived on whale meat and built houses of whalebone. That was still working in Alaska. But in Greenland, the [...]

Californians fight the Missions

By | 2017-08-12T14:56:31+00:00 August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

Ohlone people crossing San Francisco Bay, with a European wool blanket (Louis Choris, 1816 AD) In 1500 AD, California was a popular place to live. About one out of every three people living in what would become the United States lived in California. Then, in 1530, the first Spanish explorers under the Holy Roman [...]

History of Bicycles

By | 2017-08-07T21:00:03+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Science|

A velocipede Bicycles were invented bit by bit in many different countries. They grew out of earlier inventions like wheels (from Central Asia) and wheelbarrows (from China), but Karl von Drais, a German inventor, built the first riding machine with two wheels, one in front of the other, that you had to balance on, in 1817. Like wheelbarrows, this [...]

Jesuits after 1700 – History of religion

By | 2017-08-07T13:50:00+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Religion|

Jesuit teachers in Brazil By the 1700s AD, the Jesuits owned a lot of farms and mines in countries all over the world. The governments of these countries started to worry that the Jesuits were too powerful. Also, the governments wanted to get their hands on all the money the Jesuits were making. The Enlightenment was making a [...]

World War II – history of Europe

By | 2017-08-06T08:29:19+00:00 August 6th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Unemployed people in Germany (1930s) The Depression left everyone in Europe feeling angry and upset, because so many people were poor. People were especially upset in Germany, where they also were angry about losing World War I. Many German people looked for someone to blame for their problems. Some Germans blamed Jews, because they were outsiders, and [...]