mercenaries

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Early African warfare – mercenaries and catapults

By | 2017-10-03T11:53:07+00:00 October 3rd, 2017|Africa, War|

Nubian archers in the Middle Kingdom (from the Nubian museum in Aswan, Egypt) Early African soldiers, like the soldiers of Europe and West Asia and India, were generally men. These African soldiers also generally fought with the same weapons as in Asia and Europe - spears, leather shields, and bows and arrows. Nubian archers from Sudan were so good at killing people that Egyptian pharaohs hired [...]

Mercenaries and military history

By | 2017-09-20T08:20:10+00:00 September 20th, 2017|War|

Nubian archers in the Middle Kingdom (from the Nubian museum in Aswan, Egypt). About 2000 BC. Mercenaries (MURR-sinn-air-eez) are paid volunteer soldiers: they are soldiers who are fighting as a job, not in order to save their country or for the glory of God. They only fight if they are paid, or for the [...]

From Xerxes to Alexander – the later Persian Empire

By | 2017-09-14T17:18:32+00:00 September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

The Persian shah, Xerxes, from the 400s BC. King Xerxes was killed in 465 BC. His assassin may have been his son Ardashir I (Artaxerxes in Greek), who succeeded him. Ardashir was a weak king, and a lot of the conquered countries revolted while Ardashir was king. By this time, the rest of West Asia [...]

Who were the Lydians? West Asian history

By | 2017-09-14T15:27:39+00:00 September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

A Lydian gold coin About 687 BC, according to the Greek historian Herodotus, King Gyges started the new country of Lydia (LID-ee-ah), in modern Turkey where the Hittites had ruled before the Dark Age. Now that the Assyrian Empire had collapsed, and the Neo-Babylonians were not very strong, it was pretty easy for new countries to get started along the edges [...]

Who were the Aztec? Central American history

By | 2017-10-14T14:53:29+00:00 September 8th, 2017|Central America, Where|

Aztec brazier (about 1300 AD) Beginning in the 1100s AD, the Medieval Warming Period seems to have made it too hard to live where the Mexica were in North America. So the Mexica people moved south to what is now Mexico. The Mexica were relatives of the Shoshone and Ute people who lived in the Rocky Mountains. After some moving around [...]

Fifth Crusade – Medieval history

By | 2017-08-03T11:29:17+00:00 August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

The siege of Damietta In 1216 AD, Pope Honorius III succeeded in getting some more Europeans to agree to try again to conquer Jerusalem from the Ayyubids. This time, the Pope would be in charge instead of European kings. Frederick II of the Holy Roman Empire wanted to come along, but the Pope said no, this crusade was for the [...]

High Middle Ages – European history

By | 2017-08-03T11:00:13+00:00 August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Devils torture the damned in Hell (Abbey of Moissac, about 1050 AD) In 1071 AD, the Byzantine Empire lost most of Anatolia (modern Turkey) to the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Manzikert. About the same time, the Abbasids lost control of pieces of the Islamic Empire as well. The Seljuks took over the East, and local rulers took over North Africa and Spain. [...]

Norman Conquest of England – Medieval Europe

By | 2017-08-03T07:57:06+00:00 August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Outer walls of Caen castle, Normandy, France Around 1000 AD, some of the Vikings who had been raiding France got permission from the French king to settle down and live in France instead. They were supposed to help protect France against other Vikings (as the Visigoths had done before). As part of the deal, these Vikings also converted from their German gods to Catholicism. [...]

Capetians – French History – Middle Ages

By | 2017-08-02T16:49:46+00:00 August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Monogram of Hugh Capet (980s AD) When the Carolingians died out in 987 AD, the lords of France met to choose a new king. They chose a man named Hugh Capet (hyoo ka-PAY). Hugh Capet was picked for being weak, so the lords could do whatever they wanted and the king wouldn't be able to do anything [...]