mercenaries

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3 10, 2017

Early African warfare – mercenaries and catapults

By |2019-08-21T09:18:19-07:00October 3rd, 2017|Africa|0 Comments

Early African warfare: Nubian archers in the Middle Kingdom (from the Nubian museum in Aswan, Egypt) The beginnings of war There has been fighting in Africa since the early Stone Age, when one group of people fought and killed another group in order to take over their land along the shore of a [...]

20 09, 2017

Mercenaries and military history

By |2018-04-20T08:25:06-07:00September 20th, 2017|War|0 Comments

Nubian archers in the Middle Kingdom (from the Nubian museum in Aswan, Egypt). About 2000 BC. Mercenaries (MURR-sinn-air-eez) are paid volunteer soldiers: they are soldiers who are fighting as a job, not in order to save their country or for the glory of God. They only fight if they are paid, or for the [...]

14 09, 2017

From Xerxes to Alexander – the later Persian Empire

By |2019-09-05T05:38:55-07:00September 14th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

The Persian shah, Xerxes, from the 400s BC. Death of Xerxes and revolt King Xerxes was killed in 465 BC. His assassin may have been his son Ardashir I (Artaxerxes in Greek), who succeeded him. Ardashir was a weak king, and a lot of the conquered countries revolted while Ardashir was king. By this time, [...]

14 09, 2017

Who were the Lydians? West Asian history

By |2019-09-05T05:39:36-07:00September 14th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

A Lydian gold coin King Gyges About 687 BC, according to the Greek historian Herodotus, King Gyges started the new country of Lydia (LID-ee-ah), in modern Turkey where the Hittites had ruled before the Dark Age. Who were the Hittites? When was Herodotus writing? Now that the Assyrian Empire had collapsed, and the Neo-Babylonians were not very strong, it was pretty [...]

8 09, 2017

Who were the Aztec? Central American history

By |2019-03-04T12:08:30-07:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, Where|2 Comments

Aztec brazier (about 1300 AD) Mexica people move to Mexico Beginning in the 1100s AD, the Medieval Warm Period seems to have made it too hard to live where the Mexica were in North America. So the Mexica people moved south to what is now Mexico. The Mexica were relatives of the Shoshone and Ute people who lived in the Rocky [...]

3 08, 2017

Fifth Crusade – Medieval history

By |2019-06-08T10:16:51-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

The siege of Damietta: Fifth Crusade Europeans attack Jerusalem In 1216 AD, Pope Honorius III succeeded in getting some more Europeans to agree to try again to conquer Jerusalem from the Ayyubids. The Fourth Crusade Who were the Ayyubids? Islamic Empire articles All Medieval Europe articles Who led the Fifth Crusade? This time, the Pope would be in charge [...]

3 08, 2017

High Middle Ages – European history

By |2018-04-12T00:08:13-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Devils torture the damned in Hell (Abbey of Moissac, about 1050 AD) The Seljuks destabilize Europe's neighbors In 1071 AD, the Byzantine Empire lost most of Anatolia (modern Turkey) to the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Manzikert. About the same time, the Abbasids lost control of pieces of the Islamic Empire as well. The Seljuks took over the East, and [...]

3 08, 2017

Medieval Russia

By |2017-08-03T10:10:21-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Santa Sophia in Kiev (modern Ukraine) As the new country of Poland got stronger and stronger in the late 900s AD, it became more of a threat to Russia. The powerful Polish king Boleslaw conquered all the way east to Kiev (KEY-ev). So gradually the new country of Russia got to be more and more friendly with the Byzantine [...]

3 08, 2017

Norman Conquest of England – Medieval Europe

By |2019-09-11T11:25:53-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Outer walls of Caen castle, Normandy, France The Vikings settle in northern France Around 1000 AD, some of the Vikings who had been raiding France got permission from the French king to settle down and live in France instead. Who were the Vikings? Who was ruling France? These Vikings were supposed to help protect France against other Vikings (as [...]

2 08, 2017

Capetians – French History – Middle Ages

By |2019-02-27T06:29:13-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|0 Comments

Monogram of Hugh Capet (980s AD) Who was Hugh Capet? When the Carolingians died out in 987 AD, the lords of France met to choose a new king. They chose a man named Hugh Capet (hyoo ka-PAY). Hugh Capet was picked for being weak, so the lords could do whatever they wanted and the king wouldn't be [...]