mercenaries

/Tag: mercenaries

Vikings – Early Medieval Scandinavia

By |2019-09-11T10:32:14-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

A Viking ship. Viking trade took the Vikings all over the world. Who were the Vikings? The Vikings were Indo-European people from Scandinavia (modern Denmark, Norway and Sweden). Around the 400s AD the Vikings started to make frequent raids by boat into Europe. They even went into the Mediterranean Sea and raided Sicily and southern Italy. The Vikings started to attack the Atlantic coast [...]

Zoe and Theodora – Byzantine History

By |2017-08-02T12:43:56-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

The Empress Zoe (from the church of Hagia Irene) Although he lived a long time and ruled nearly fifty years, Basil II never had any sons. When he died in 1025, his brother Constantine VIII succeeded. He, too, had no sons, so he left the throne to his fifty-year-old daughter Zoe and her husband Romanus III. [...]

Comneni Dynasty – Byzantine history

By |2019-04-21T11:45:07-07:00August 1st, 2017|History, Medieval|

Alexios I Comneni, the Byzantine emperor (1081 AD) The Battle of Manzikert The Battle of Manzikert in 1071 was the end of Basil's Armenian Dynasty. The Byzantines had lost Armenia to Alp Arslan and the Seljuk Turks, and Alp Arslan took the Roman Emperor prisoner. Battle of Manzikert Who was Alp Arslan? All our medieval Europe articles [...]

Greek hoplites and democracy – Classical Greece

By |2019-08-20T23:19:17-07:00July 19th, 2017|Greeks, War|

Greek hoplites and democracy - a Corinthian helmet from the 600s BC Hoplites needed armor When the Greek city-states turned to this new hoplite way of fighting, it meant that each man had to have the right armor. Nobody could fight without a shield, and a helmet, and all that. So you could only be a [...]

Who was Xenophon? What’s the Anabasis?

By |2018-04-23T09:12:24-07:00July 11th, 2017|Greeks, History, Literature|

A later portrait of Xenophon (now in the Prado museum in Madrid) Xenophon, like Thucydides, was an Athenian from a rich family who lived during the Peloponnesian War, in the 400s BC. Xenophon (ZEN-oh-fahn) also had a lot of family connections to people from Sparta, and he thought the Spartans were doing a [...]

Ancient Greek climate, plants, and animals

By |2019-09-05T06:43:36-07:00July 6th, 2017|Greeks|

Ancient Greek climate: The island of Rhodes Good fishing Fishing was very important to early Stone Age people, and fishing is probably what brought the first people to Greece. No part of Greece is more than about forty miles from the sea: a couple of days walking. So Greece was a great place [...]

Greek economy in the classical period

By |2018-04-22T11:55:28-07:00July 6th, 2017|Economy, Greeks|

Classical Greek economy: Sailors rowing trading ships (Athens ca. 550 BC) Greek mercenary soldiers The trends of the Archaic period in Greece continued into the Classical period, about 500-400 BC, with both trade and fighting big contributors to the classical Greek economy. Greek mercenary soldiers fought for the Egyptians, who were trying to [...]