ibn Sina

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Medieval Islamic medicine – the first hospitals and quarantines

By |2018-04-18T18:18:05-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Islamic medicine: From an Ottoman manuscript, two doctors telling the pharmacist how to make different medicines Writing medical encyclopedias Doctors made big scientific advances in medicine during the Islamic empire. Islamic doctors began by collecting all the medical observations and logic of the past. They translated the work of Hippocrates and his followers, and Galen, into Arabic. About 750 [...]

Medieval Islamic science

By |2018-04-24T08:21:20-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Al Tusi's diagram of linear motion from circular motion In the Early Middle Ages, before the formation of the Islamic Empire, Buddhists ran the world's biggest universities. One was in India, at Nalanda. Another was in what is now Pakistan, at Taxila. In Egypt, the University of Alexandria was still an important center of learning, too. Most serious scholars went to [...]

Ibn Sina (Avicenna) – Medieval Islamic medicine – Islamic Empire

By |2019-04-24T06:03:09-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Where Ibn Sina came from: Uzbekistan Ibn Sina and the Samanids in Uzbekistan Ibn Sina (known to Europeans as Avicenna) was a scientist. He was born about 980 AD in the north-eastern part of the Abbasid Empire. That was in the kingdom of the Samanids. (It's modern Uzbekistan.) Who were the Samanids? Medieval Islamic science All our medieval Islam [...]

Ibn Rushd – Medieval Islamic Science

By |2018-04-09T23:07:34-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Philosophy, Science|

Cordoba mosque Since the time of Socrates, many people have tried to figure out how science and religion can both be true at the same time. Ibn Rushd, like the earlier ibn Sina and al-Ghazali, was part of an important movement to try to combine Aristotle's scientific description of the world with religious views to create a unified [...]

al Tusi – Discoveries of Islamic astronomy

By |2017-07-27T08:30:46-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Al Tusi in his observatory (ca. 1259 AD) Nasir al Tusi was born in Iran in 1201 AD, as the Seljuk Empire was falling apart. The Seljuks were Turkic people. But al Tusi, like most of the people living near him, was of Iranian descent. He spoke Persian at home. He was from a Shiite, Sufi family. Al Tusi's father died when he [...]

al Nafis – Discoveries of Islamic scientists

By |2017-07-27T08:02:08-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Illustration in Ibn al Nafis Ibn al Nafis was born in Syria in the early 1200s AD, just as the power of the Seljuks was collapsing. He studied medicine in Damascus (in Syria) at first, but then moved to Cairo, in Mamluk Egypt, to work with the best doctors of his time (and maybe to escape the Mongol [...]

Al Ghazali – Medieval Islamic science

By |2019-01-20T08:47:42-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Tomb of the scholar Qabus, Gurgan, Iran (built about 1010 AD) Who was al Ghazali? Al Ghazali was a scientist and philosopher in medieval Central Asia. More about Islamic science All our Islamic Empire articles Al Ghazali's childhood Al Ghazali was born in northern Persia in 1058 AD, under the rule of the Seljuks. His [...]

Maktab – Medieval Islamic schools

By |2018-04-23T15:30:39-07:00July 26th, 2017|Islam, People|

Boys in Mauretania learning Quran verses from wooden tablets In the Islamic empire and in Africa, as in West Asia before Islam, most kids never went to school. Both girls and boys usually worked in the fields, plowing or weeding. But some boys, especially from richer families, went to a maktab (Arabic for "grade school"). Most towns had a small maktab [...]

Sewing, wheels, and steel – Central Asian science

By |2018-09-20T06:17:32-07:00June 1st, 2017|Central Asia, Science|

Central Asian science: A clay pot with a drawing of a wheeled cart from what is now Poland, about 3500 BC What was invented in Central Asia? Many of the world's most useful inventions come from Central Asia: sewing, leather, cart wheels and spinning wheels, burning coal. And then also the compound and [...]

Samanids – History of Central Asia

By |2019-02-01T11:30:03-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

The tomb of the Samanid rulers. Bukhara, Uzbekistan, about 900 AD. Who were the Samanids? The Samanids were people who lived in the easternmost part of the medieval Abbasid Empire. They got power in the 800s AD. The Abbasid Empire All our Islamic Empire articles All our Central Asia articles Samanids or Sogdians? The [...]