ibn Sina

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27 07, 2017

Medieval Islamic medicine

By |2019-08-22T09:31:55-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|0 Comments

Islamic medicine: From an Ottoman manuscript, two doctors telling the pharmacist how to make different medicines Writing medical encyclopedias Doctors made big scientific advances in medicine during the Islamic empire. The Islamic Empire was rich enough from Silk Road trade and trading on the Indian Ocean to pay a lot of doctors and scientists, [...]

27 07, 2017

Medieval Islamic science

By |2019-10-07T07:26:55-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam|0 Comments

Medieval Islamic science: Al Tusi's diagram of linear motion from circular motion Indian and African science In the Early Middle Ages, before the formation of the Islamic Empire, Buddhists ran the world's biggest universities. One was in India, at Nalanda. Another was in what is now Pakistan, at Taxila. Medieval Islamic science built on this Indian scientific tradition. [...]

27 07, 2017

Ibn Sina – Islamic medicine

By |2019-10-04T07:58:44-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam|9 Comments

Where ibn Sina came from: Uzbekistan Ibn Sina and the Samanids in Uzbekistan Ibn Sina (known to Europeans as Avicenna) was a scientist. He was born about 980 AD in the north-eastern part of the Abbasid Empire. That was in the kingdom of the Samanids. (It's modern Uzbekistan.) Who were the Samanids? Medieval Islamic science All our medieval Islam [...]

27 07, 2017

ibn Rushd – Medieval Islamic Science

By |2019-09-08T07:23:49-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Philosophy, Science|0 Comments

Ibn Rushd prayed and studied in this Cordoba mosque Can science and religion work together? Since the time of Socrates  - or before - many people have tried to figure out how science and religion can both be true at the same time. Ibn Rushd, like the earlier ibn Sina and al-Ghazali, was part of this [...]

27 07, 2017

al Tusi – Discoveries of Islamic astronomy

By |2017-07-27T08:30:46-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|0 Comments

Al Tusi in his observatory (ca. 1259 AD) Nasir al Tusi was born in Iran in 1201 AD, as the Seljuk Empire was falling apart. The Seljuks were Turkic people. But al Tusi, like most of the people living near him, was of Iranian descent. He spoke Persian at home. He was from a Shiite, Sufi family. Al Tusi's father died when he [...]

27 07, 2017

ibn al-Nafis – Discoveries of Islamic scientists

By |2019-09-06T09:40:40-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|0 Comments

Illustration in Ibn al-Nafis Who was ibn al Nafis? Ibn al Nafis was born in Syria in the early 1200s AD, just as the power of the Seljuks was collapsing. He studied medicine in Damascus (in Syria) at first, but then moved to Cairo, in Mamluk Egypt, to work with the best doctors of his time (and [...]

27 07, 2017

Al Ghazali – Medieval Islamic science

By |2019-01-20T08:47:42-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|0 Comments

Tomb of the scholar Qabus, Gurgan, Iran (built about 1010 AD) Who was al Ghazali? Al Ghazali was a scientist and philosopher in medieval Central Asia. More about Islamic science All our Islamic Empire articles Al Ghazali's childhood Al Ghazali was born in northern Persia in 1058 AD, under the rule of the Seljuks. His [...]

26 07, 2017

Maktab – Medieval Islamic schools

By |2018-04-23T15:30:39-07:00July 26th, 2017|Islam, People|0 Comments

Boys in Mauretania learning Quran verses from wooden tablets In the Islamic empire and in Africa, as in West Asia before Islam, most kids never went to school. Both girls and boys usually worked in the fields, plowing or weeding. But some boys, especially from richer families, went to a maktab (Arabic for "grade school"). Most towns had a small maktab [...]

1 06, 2017

Sewing, wheels, and steel – Central Asian science

By |2018-09-20T06:17:32-07:00June 1st, 2017|Central Asia, Science|0 Comments

Central Asian science: A clay pot with a drawing of a wheeled cart from what is now Poland, about 3500 BC What was invented in Central Asia? Many of the world's most useful inventions come from Central Asia: sewing, leather, cart wheels and spinning wheels, burning coal. And then also the compound and [...]

31 05, 2017

Samanids – History of Central Asia

By |2019-02-01T11:30:03-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|0 Comments

The tomb of the Samanid rulers. Bukhara, Uzbekistan, about 900 AD. Who were the Samanids? The Samanids were people who lived in the easternmost part of the medieval Abbasid Empire. They got power in the 800s AD. The Abbasid Empire All our Islamic Empire articles All our Central Asia articles Samanids or Sogdians? The [...]