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Sumerian architecture – Mesopotamia

By |2018-05-21T09:04:25+00:00September 11th, 2017|Architecture, West Asia|

Sumerian architecture: the ziggurat at Warka (reconstructed by Saddam Hussein) Mud-brick and brick Like other people around the world, the Sumerians started to build big temples on artificial platforms around 3500 BC. They were living in the area between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers. in what is now Iraq. Because there's practically no building stone in this [...]

West Asian beds – Mesopotamian houses

By |2018-04-09T10:35:32+00:00September 11th, 2017|Architecture, West Asia|

Drawing of the grass bed inside a reed hut from Ohalo II (Galilee, 21000 BC) When people came to West Asia from Africa about 60,000 BC, they brought the idea of sleeping in beds with them. People in Galilee (modern Israel) were already sleeping in beds in the Paleolithic time period, about 21,000 BC. While earlier African [...]

Ancient history timeline: 10,000-4000 BC – the Stone Age

By |2018-04-19T15:03:06+00:00September 10th, 2017|History, West Asia, When|

Ancient history timeline: Building at Gobekli Tepe in what is now  Turkey (ca. 9000 BC) Beginning of farming Around 10,000 BC, with the end of the last major Ice Age, people all over the world - not everyone, but a lot of people - began to shift from fishing and hunting and gathering to farming as their main way of getting food. Farming [...]

Roman kitchens – houses in ancient Rome

By |2018-04-24T23:37:49+00:00August 27th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

Roman cooking braziers - Picture thanks to VROMA Poor Romans in the countryside most often lived with their whole family in one room of a small apartment building. So they didn't have a separate kitchen. Instead, they cooked over a small fire or on a charcoal brazier, either in the courtyard or in their room (if [...]

Roman houses – Ancient Rome

By |2018-12-04T13:02:33+00:00August 27th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

A model of a typical house (from Egypt) Living in one room Most people in the Roman Empire lived with their whole family in one room of a sort of small apartment house. These were built, like many cheap apartment houses in the United States today, around two or three sides of a courtyard, one or [...]

Roman bedrooms – ancient Rome

By |2018-04-24T23:32:01+00:00August 27th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

Etruscan bed-frame (in the Vatican Museum, Rome) This is an Etruscan bed-frame. Roman bed-frames were pretty much the same. It would have had a mattress on top of it, stuffed with feathers or straw, and wool blankets. This frame is made of bronze, so it has lasted and we can see it. But most Etruscan and Roman beds would have been [...]

American government after the Civil War

By |2017-08-12T07:44:44+00:00August 12th, 2017|Government, North America|

J. Rainey, first black congressman After the Civil War, in 1865, the United States changed its Constitution to make slavery illegal. For a few years, black people were able to vote. Black men served in Congress. But soon northern people lost interest in helping the black people. Racist white people forced the black people to stop voting [...]

American architecture – houses

By |2017-08-10T15:09:35+00:00August 10th, 2017|Architecture, North America|

Iroquois longhouse Because North America is a big place, different parts of North America have different weather. In the Pacific Northwest, there were long rainy winters, and dry sunny summers, but it never got very cold. There were big forests with lots of tall trees. So people mainly lived in wooden houses with sloped roofs so [...]

Later Cherokee towns – Native Americans

By |2017-08-10T14:19:22+00:00August 10th, 2017|Architecture, Native American|

A Cherokee house in the 1800s In the late 1600s AD, Cherokee people were still building their towns about the way they had built them before the Europeans arrived. We have a good description from an English trader called James Needham. He visited the Cherokee town of Chota in 1673. (I have modernized the language) "The [...]