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Medieval houses – Europe

By |2017-07-31T05:36:17+00:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Colleta di Castelbianco, Italy Houses in the Middle Ages were different from Roman houses in several ways. One important change was that more people lived in small villages for safety, instead of in farmhouses on their own land. Another change was that more people used fireplaces and chimneys to heat their houses and to cook [...]

Half timber houses – medieval architecture

By |2018-04-10T22:46:18+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

A half-timbered house in Toulouse, France In the Middle Ages, many people in northern Europe (northern France, Germany, and England) built their houses in this half-timbered way. This was because wood for building was expensive. Most people couldn't afford to build their whole house out of wood. Instead, they built just a frame of [...]

Ancient Greek houses – Where did Greek people live?

By |2018-08-21T20:25:33+00:00July 1st, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|

Ancient Greece house foundations at Alkyrnas, in western Greece near Patras What is a courtyard house? Beginning in the Bronze Age, and continuing through to modern times, most Greek houses, like Egyptian and West Asian houses, were grouped in villages, and had a courtyard in the middle, open to the sunshine, and rooms [...]

Egyptian houses – Ancient Egypt

By |2018-04-09T23:55:19+00:00June 13th, 2017|Africa, Architecture, Egypt|

A model of an Egyptian house found in a tomb from the First Intermediate Period (about 2100 BC) Most Egyptian people lived in small houses like this one. The house was built out of mudbrick, with wooden beams holding up the flat mud roof. Our word "adobe" for mudbrick comes from the ancient [...]

Shang houses and altars – Shang Dynasty China

By |2018-04-18T09:53:25+00:00June 5th, 2017|Architecture, China|

The Shang Dynasty city wall around Zhengzhou (thanks to Gary Todd) There was a city wall of rammed earth around the Shang capital at An-yang, and around other cities like Zhengzhou, a little south of An-yang. These were built by piling up dirt and pounding it (probably with stones or wooden mallets) until [...]

What is a brazier? Heating and Cooking

By |2018-04-24T08:21:21+00:00May 25th, 2017|Food, Science|

Brazier (Picture thanks to VROMA) A brazier (BRAYS-yer) is a kind of portable grill, usually made out of clay but sometimes out of bronze or iron, which held charcoal or wood fires. You used it to heat your apartment, or to cook on. The modern equivalent would be a little hibachi. On a [...]