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Christianity in the 200s AD – History of religion

By |2018-03-19T11:15:11+00:00August 23rd, 2017|Religion, Romans|

An early Christian house church at Dura Europos, in Syria (200s AD) Christian persecution pauses During the forty years between 261 AD and 303 AD, the Roman government did not officially persecute the Christians. The emperors were busy with the worst of the Crisis of the Third Century. Maybe they were following the example of [...]

St. Paul – Early Christianity – Religion

By |2018-10-29T09:43:28+00:00August 23rd, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Oldest known portrait of Paul (catacomb of Thecla, Rome, 300s AD) Paul starts out as Saul Saul was a Jewish man who converted to Christianity near the very beginning of the new religion. After he converted, he took the Christian name Paul. Judaism in the time of Jesus More about Christianity Roman Empire articles Paul preaches [...]

Montanus and Montanism – an early Christian heresy

By |2018-04-24T23:07:40+00:00August 22nd, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Montanus and Montanism: This is the amphitheater in ancient Carthage where Romans killed Christians during the Decian persecution. Montanism was a Christian heresy. A man named Montanus started it; he lived in the Roman Empire about 170 AD. Montanus lived in Phrygia (modern Turkey). We know about him from the Christian historian Eusebius [...]

History of Christianity – World Religions

By |2018-04-09T23:07:26+00:00August 21st, 2017|Religion, Romans|

One of the earliest images of Jesus, from St. Callisto catacomb in Rome (ca. 250 AD) Around the time of the beginning of the Roman Empire, a new religion began among the Jews living in Israel: Christianity. People seem to have felt that these new governments - these big empires - needed bigger, more organized religions to stand up [...]

What is a midwife? History of childbirth

By |2018-11-01T07:47:47+00:00August 16th, 2017|Economy, Science|

A Roman carving of a midwife at a birth (Isola Della Sacra, Ostia, 1st century AD) Who delivered babies in the ancient world? A midwife is a woman who helps other women give birth to their babies. In ancient and medieval times, doctors didn't usually have anything to do with women having babies - that was the [...]

Anne Hutchinson – A Puritan leader

By |2017-08-14T14:47:35+00:00August 14th, 2017|North America, Religion|

Boston in the time of Anne Hutchinson Anne Hutchinson was born in 1603, the same year that Queen Elizabeth died. Her father was a Puritan minister in England. Like Mary Cavendish about the same time, Hutchinson was home-schooled with her brothers and sisters. She became a Puritan too. Hutchinson liked the Puritan idea that faith – believing in Jesus – [...]

Sojourner Truth – African-American freedom

By |2018-04-07T17:05:48+00:00August 14th, 2017|History, North America|

Sojourner Truth Sojourner Truth didn't know where her people came from, because she was born into slavery. But it was probably West Africa or the Congo. She may have been part Native American. Sojourner Truth was born Isabella Baumfree in New York State, in 1797, just after the Revolutionary War. She had about ten brothers and sisters; they [...]

Equal rights for some – American government

By |2017-12-19T17:34:49+00:00August 11th, 2017|Government, North America|

Equal rights for women? Abigail Adams During and after the American Revolution, the rich white men were writing the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Many people who were not rich, or white, or men thought maybe this was their chance to get equal rights too. They wrote to the men who were writing [...]

History of Bicycles

By |2018-04-11T18:26:49+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Science|

A velocipede Bicycles were invented bit by bit in many different countries. They grew out of earlier inventions like wheels (from Central Asia) and wheelbarrows (from China), but Karl von Drais, a German inventor, built the first riding machine with two wheels, one in front of the other, that you had to balance on, in 1817. Like wheelbarrows, this [...]

Mary Wollstonecraft – European philosophy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:30+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Mary Wollstonecraft - European philosophy Mary Wollstonecraft was the most famous woman among the Enlightenment philosophers of the 1700s AD. Like Damaris Masham and Mary Astell in the 1600s, Wollstonecraft mainly argued that men should not prevent women from getting a good education. You think this is obvious? But Rousseau, just a few years earlier, had argued that men should [...]