Dionysos

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Persephone and Hades – Greek religion

By |2018-04-23T09:49:50+00:00July 16th, 2017|History|

Hades kidnaps Persephone (mosaic from Amphipolis, 300s BC) Persephone was the daughter of the goddess Demeter. One day Persephone was dancing with her friends in a sunny meadow, having a good time, picking flowers. Suddenly Persephone's spooky uncle Hades burst out of the ground and grabbed her and pulled her into his chariot! He took Persephone (purr-SEFF-oh-nee) [...]

Theseus and Ariadne – Greek mythology

By |2018-04-23T13:37:37+00:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Theseus leaves Ariadne on Delos - fresco painting from Pompeii Theseus and Ariadne were on their way home from Crete after killing the Minotaur. But when they got to the island of Delos, halfway home from Crete, they stopped to rest. Ariadne fell asleep, and Theseus left her there on the island and sailed away to Athens without her. [...]

Who is Hermes? Ancient Greek god

By |2018-04-23T08:41:56+00:00July 13th, 2017|Greeks, Religion|

This statue by Praxiteles shows Hermes playing with the infant Dionysos(300s BC) Hermes is a god of boundaries, borders and edges. Because of this, he's also in charge of things that cross borders, like messages or travelers. He is the messenger of the Greek gods; his father, Zeus, often sends Hermes to earth when [...]

Dionysos and the dolphins – Ancient Greece

By |2018-04-23T08:41:52+00:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Religion|

Dionysos turns a ship into grapevines, and the bad sailors into dolphins (Athenian black-figure vase from the 500s BC) One story about Dionysos, which you can see painted on this vase, is that he once disguised himself as a rich young man and sailed on a Greek merchant ship on the ocean. The [...]

Who is Dionysos? Ancient Greek gods

By |2018-04-23T08:41:51+00:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Religion|

Dionysos is the god of wine and grapes For the Greeks, Dionysos was a fertility god like Demeter. But while Demeter was the goddess of dry things growing, like grain, Dionysos was the god of wet things growing. That meant fruit of all kinds, but especially grapes (and the wine that people made [...]

Bacchae – Euripides – Summary

By |2018-04-23T08:12:49+00:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Bacchae: Followers of Bacchus partying Liberty and license Euripides wrote this play, which is, like many of Euripides' plays (like Phaedra or Medea), primarily about the balance between self-control (sophrosyne (SOFF-row-sue-nay) in Greek) and emotional freedom. This is another aspect of the conflict between nature and law, physis and nomos, which the Greeks [...]

What did ancient Greek music sound like?

By |2018-04-19T12:15:01+00:00July 2nd, 2017|History|

Apollo playing the lyre People in ancient Greece loved music, and made it an important part of their lives. Greek people thought of music as a way of honoring the gods, and making the world a more human, civilized place. Unfortunately nobody knows what Greek music sounded like, because there were no microphones [...]

Origins of ancient Greek theaters

By |2018-04-22T10:26:53+00:00July 2nd, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|

Theater of Dionysos on the Acropolis below the Parthenon in Athens The earliest Greek theaters, probably as early as the Stone Age, were just grassy hillsides with a flat place at the bottom, so people could sit on the hillside and watch someone making a speech at the bottom, or watch a group [...]

Who was the Egyptian god Horus? – Gods of Ancient Egypt

By |2018-06-10T23:26:34+00:00June 18th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, Religion|

Good luck charm of the eye of the god Horus (Old Kingdom, ca. 2000 BC) Horus was the son of Re Horus was an Egyptian god, originally from Upper Egypt (Southern Egypt). In the Old Kingdom, people thought of Horus as having the head of a falcon, and his name means "falcon" in [...]