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Roman families – children and households in ancient Rome

By | 2017-09-04T08:41:58+00:00 September 4th, 2017|People, Romans|

A Roman family on a tombstone The Roman idea of family included not just a husband and wife and their children, but also their slaves (if they had any), so that it meant something more like a family-owned business with the employees. Because of this, Roman men had more power within the family than Roman women did - they [...]

What is a midwife? History of childbirth

By | 2017-08-16T13:04:52+00:00 August 16th, 2017|Economy, Science|

A Roman carving of a midwife at a birth(Isola Della Sacra, Ostia, 1st century AD) A midwife is a woman who helps other women give birth to their babies. In ancient and medieval times, doctors didn't usually have anything to do with women having babies - that was the job of midwives. Most midwives had a lot [...]

Mary Wollstonecraft – European philosophy

By | 2017-08-07T09:14:19+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Mary Wollstonecraft - European philosophy Mary Wollstonecraft was the most famous woman among the Enlightenment philosophers of the 1700s AD. Like Damaris Masham and Mary Astell in the 1600s, Wollstonecraft mainly argued that men should not prevent women from getting a good education. You think this is obvious? But Rousseau, just a few years earlier, had argued that men should [...]

Jean-Jacques Rousseau – European philosophy

By | 2017-08-07T08:45:23+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, a European philosopher Rousseau was born in 1712 AD into a Protestant family living in Geneva, and his mother died of an infection she caught while he was being born. Like the earlier philosopher Astell, Jean-Jacques Rousseau's family was not rich, and like her Rousseau didn't get to go to school much. At 13 his uncle [...]

Emilie du Chatelet – European philosophy

By | 2017-08-07T07:52:48+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Emilie du Chatelet, a French philosopher in the 1700s Emilie du Chatelet's rich father, who was interested in literature and science, hired tutors to homeschool her, instead of sending her to a convent school. She learned Latin, German, Greek, and Italian, as well as math and science. When du Chatelet was 18, she married [...]

Late medieval Poland – History

By | 2017-08-03T14:55:06+00:00 August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

The treaty that Queen Jadwiga and Duke Jogaila signed in 1385 AD Queen Jadwiga was only ten years old in 1384. But her mother Elizabeth sent her north from Hungary to become the Queen of Poland. Elizabeth stayed behind to rule Hungary as regent for Jadwiga's older sister. By 1385, when she was twelve, Queen Jadwiga married [...]

The family in ancient Egypt

By | 2017-06-17T21:45:15+00:00 June 17th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, People|

Nefertiti, Akhenaten, and their daughters Most Egyptians lived in families with a mother and a father and children, just as many people do today. But ancient Egyptian families often had five or more children. That was because so many children died before they grew up. Girls usually lived at home until they were [...]