Augustus

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Roman Imperial Cult – emperors and Roman religion

By |2017-09-04T14:08:04+00:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

The Roman general Pompey The Roman general Pompey conquered West Asia around 50 BC. He was embarrassed to find that people there were worshipping him as a god. They would come out of the cities to pray to him, and bow down to him. They made statues of him and put them in temples and even sometimes sacrificed animals or incense to these statues. [...]

Cicero – Stoicism – Roman philosophy

By |2018-04-18T17:19:14+00:00September 4th, 2017|Philosophy, Romans|

Bust of Cicero (Capitoline Museum, Rome) In the last years of the Roman Republic, great men like Julius Caesar and Pompey fought over which of them would rule Rome. Cicero was one of the last men to stand up for the old Republic. He tried to keep the republican government going. While you might think [...]

Sulpicia – Roman poetry – ancient Rome

By |2017-09-04T08:02:56+00:00September 4th, 2017|Literature, Romans|

A woman from Roman Egypt, holding a notebook and a pen Sulpicia is one of very few Roman women whose poetry managed to last through the ages so we can read it. She lived in Rome in the time of the Roman emperor Augustus, around the same time as Ovid, maybe around 20 BC or so. Sulpicia wrote poetry [...]

Ovid and the Metamorphoses – Roman literature

By |2017-09-04T00:41:36+00:00September 4th, 2017|Literature, Romans|

Part of a page from a copy of Ovid's Metamorphoses (South Italy, 1000s AD, just as the Normans were conquering it) With the end of the Roman Republic, poets were excited to explore the new possibilities of the new Roman Empire under Augustus. Ovid, who was born in 43 BC, was about twelve years old when [...]

Roman empire – ancient Rome

By |2018-04-25T09:54:55+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

The Roman emperor Augustus As the Romans were conquering the whole Mediterranean, the rich men who were running the government got richer and richer - very very rich. They began fighting each other to rule the new empire. By 30 BC one man - Augustus - was ruling the Roman Empire. After Augustus died, his relatives inherited his throne. [...]

Julio-Claudian emperors – ancient Rome

By |2018-04-25T09:12:36+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History|

The Roman emperor Augustus Everybody was tired of all this fighting and killing. And everyone was afraid of Octavian. So when Octavian just kept ruling almost as if he were king, nobody tried to stop him. He made people call him Augustus (which means The Good) instead of Octavian. But he was smarter than [...]

Ara Pacis – Altar of Peace – Roman art

By |2018-04-24T23:47:31+00:00August 31st, 2017|Art, Romans|

The Ara Pacis - the Altar of Peace. Originally it was outside, but today a roof protects it. When the Roman emperor Augustus took over Rome after the civil wars at the end of the Roman Republic, about 30 BC, he built a Altar of Peace (Ara Pacis in Latin), to show that the fighting was over. Augustus [...]

The Roman forum – Roman architecture

By |2018-05-14T13:48:03+00:00August 26th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

Basilica Julia, Rome - in the Roman forum What was a Roman forum? At the center of most Roman cities was a big open space called the Forum. People met there to do business, to sell things and buy things, to see their friends, to find out about the news, and even to go [...]