What is Sukkot? – Jewish holidays

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Sukkah - a temporary house just for the holiday

Sukkah – a temporary house just for the holiday

People along the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea first began celebrating Sukkot probably at least six thousand years ago, when they were beginning to be farmers. Like Passover and Hanukkah, Sukkot was a harvest festival. After plowingplanting, pulling weeds, watering, and worrying about whether diseases or storms would wreck the crop, finally in the fall the food was ripe and ready to pick. In ancient Israel, people picked figs, pistachios and almonds around this time. Starting maybe around 1000 BC, they also picked citrons, which are still part of the celebration today. They were so busy picking the food that they didn’t even go home to their villages at night – they slept in temporary harvest huts in the fields. And when they finally gathered all the food, they were so happy that they would have enough food for the year, that they had a big celebration: Sukkot.

Almonds drying after harvest (Southern Spain)

Almonds drying after harvest (Southern Spain)

Since everyone got together for Sukkot, it was a good time to make announcements. According to the Bible, Moses told the Jews to read all the laws out loud at Sukkot.

After the Babylonian Captivity, though, celebrating harvest festivals seemed a little old-fashioned, and the priests wanted everything to be about God instead. This was about 500 BC. People kept on celebrating Sukkot by eating food and building little harvest huts, but the priests said it was in memory of the forty years the Jews spent wandering in the desert when they left Egypt with Moses.

Learn by Doing – Building a Sukkah
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What is Passover?

Bibliography and further reading about Sukkot:

   

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By |2017-08-25T10:31:10+00:00August 25th, 2017|Religion, West Asia|0 Comments
Cite this page: Carr, K.E. What is Sukkot? – Jewish holidays. Quatr.us Study Guides, August 25, 2017. Web. December 19, 2018.

About the Author:

Dr. Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Facebook, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.

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