Early Dynastic Mesopotamia – West Asian history

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A statue of a worshipper from Mari, on the Euphrates river in Mesopotamia (modern Syria).

A statue of a worshipper from Mari, on the Euphrates river in Mesopotamia (modern Syria).

Around 2900 BC, after the flood, comes a time period called Early Dynastic, which lasts for about 600 years (there is a good deal of disagreement). It corresponds to the Old Kingdom in Egypt and to the Early Bronze Age in Greece.

The civilization of West Asia continued in more or less the same way as before. Between the Tigris and the Euphrates there were many cities, each laying claim to some of the land around it (and the people who lived on that land). Generally each city had a king, and also a high priest or priestess. Both the priests and the kings were very powerful, and they had to cooperate with each other in order to rule.

Gilgamesh and his friend Enkidu fight the monster Humbaba, on an Assyrian cylinder seal from the 600s BC

Gilgamesh and his friend Enkidu fight the monster Humbaba, on an Assyrian cylinder seal from the 600s BC

Some of these kings wanted to get power over the other kings, so the city-states were constantly fighting each other. Sometimes one king really did rule over many cities, and the other kings had to do what he said. Sometimes kings claimed to be in charge, but really nobody listened to them. It is hard now for us to tell which is which.

This is also the time when we first have real written stories about some of these kings. The most famous of these is Gilgamesh, the king of Uruk.

Bibliography and further reading about the Early Dynastic period in Mesopotamia:

 

Mesopotamia, by Pamela Service (1998). Down to the Persian conquest of the area.

Find Out About Mesopotamia: What Life Was Like in Ancient Sumer, Babylon and Assyria, by Lorna Oakes (2004).

Ancient Mesopotamians, by Elena Gambino (2000). Retellings of Mesopotamian stories and lots of context.

Ancient Egyptians and Their Neighbors: An Activity Guide, by Marian Broida (1999). Not just Egypt! Includes activities about the Sumerians, the Babylonians, the Hittites, and the Nubians.

Ancient Near Eastern History and Culture, by William H. Stiebing (2002). Expensive, and hard to read, but it’s a good up to date account.

The Akkadians
Ancient West Asia
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By |2018-04-25T23:42:17+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|0 Comments
Cite this page: Carr, K.E. Early Dynastic Mesopotamia – West Asian history. Quatr.us Study Guides, September 14, 2017. Web. December 17, 2018.

About the Author:

Dr. Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Facebook, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.

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