Mesopotamia

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16 09, 2017

West Asian numbers – Ancient Mesopotamia

By |2019-10-15T08:00:49-07:00September 16th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Neolithic counting tokens Counting with tally sticks and tokens The earliest way of writing down numbers was to carve notches in tally sticks, and this method spread from Africa all over Europe and Asia. But by about 9000 BC, people in West Asia began to use a different method of counting. Instead of tally sticks, people made clay tokens in [...]

15 09, 2017

West Asian science – Mesopotamia and Iran

By |2019-09-04T05:49:39-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

The constellation Orion What did Mesopotamians invent? From the Stone Age through the Islamic empires, great scientific discoveries have streamed out of West Asia. West Asia is one of the places where farming got started, and maybe the sailboat. Farming  Early ships and sailing Numbers and writing The pottery wheel All our West Asia articles The Sumerians developed the [...]

15 09, 2017

Who is Tammuz? Mesopotamia – West Asian religion

By |2019-09-04T05:58:59-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

The god Tammuz (probably) with grain growing from his shoulders A West Asian god Tammuz (or Dumuzi) was a West Asian god who personified growing food, like Persephone in Greece or Osiris in Egypt. Like Osiris, Tammuz was male. The Sumerians worshipped Tammuz as early as 2600 BC - and probably much earlier - and so did all the other people [...]

15 09, 2017

Who is Ishtar? A Mesopotamian god

By |2019-09-29T12:01:04-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

The Mesopotamian god Ishtar or Inanna Who was Ishtar? Ishtar (also called Inanna) was an important god of West Asia. Beginning at least by 3000 BC  the Sumerians,  the Akkadians, the Babylonians, and the Assyrians all worshipped the god Ishtar. What about Astarte? West Asian religion All our West Asia articles What was Ishtar the [...]

15 09, 2017

Who was Enlil? – Mesopotamia – West Asian gods

By |2019-09-04T07:29:54-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Who was Enlil? This is what one of the tablets that was found in the Assyrian king's library looks like. This one tells the story of the Flood. The Sumerian god Enlil The god Enlil, according to Sumerian stories dating back to about 3500 BC, was a god of air and wind, weather and storms. He also was [...]

15 09, 2017

Who is Astarte? West Asian religion

By |2019-09-24T05:05:33-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

The goddess Astarte in the Late Bronze Age The goddess Astarte As early as about 3000 BC,  Astarte was a Semitic goddess of love and fertility. People worshipped her in Mesopotamia and in the Levant. More West Asian religion The Bronze Age All our West Asia articles Like the Roman goddess Venus or the Greek goddess Aphrodite, Astarte started out [...]

15 09, 2017

Inheritance in West Asia – Mesopotamia and Iran

By |2019-09-19T06:00:57-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Inheritance: an Akkadian will (in the Louvre museum, Paris) A will written in cuneiform This is the will of a man named Baal-Karad from Syria, who lived about 1300 BC, in the time of the New Kingdom in Egypt and the Trojan War in Greece. The scribe wrote Baal-Karad's will in cuneiform letters on a clay tablet. Who were the Assyrians? [...]

15 09, 2017

West Asian people – families, schools, slavery

By |2019-09-04T07:31:22-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

West Asian people: Ur-Nanshe, the king's chief musician in Mari, 2400s BC Oppression of women What we notice most about the way people lived in West Asia is the widespread oppression of women. As compared to their neighbors in Sudan, Egypt, Central Asia, the Roman Empire, or even India, West Asian women were [...]

15 09, 2017

What is cuneiform? Mesopotamian writing

By |2019-09-14T06:46:39-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|7 Comments

Cuneiform writing (now in LACMA, Los Angeles) Early Sumerian writing West Asia is probably the first place in the world where people figured out how to write. (Though Egyptian people began writing very soon afterwards.) How was writing invented? Who were the Sumerians? All our West Asia articles People seem to have begun to write [...]

15 09, 2017

Shepherd story – Epic of Gilgamesh – Mesopotamia

By |2019-09-04T08:13:37-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Shepherd on a cylinder seal (Berlin Museum) When the Sumerian king Gilgamesh refused to fall in love with the goddess Ishtar, he gave her a lot of reasons why not, and he was pretty nasty about it. One of the reasons Gilgamesh gave Ishtar was that she treated all her lovers badly. For example, once she [...]