city-states

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14 09, 2017

Who were the Sumerians? Mesopotamia – West Asian history

By |2019-09-04T08:14:48-07:00September 14th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Sumerians - Head of a woman from Warka, about 3000 BC When did the Sumerians get started? About the same time as the first Pharaohs were coming to power in Egypt, around 3100 BC, a group of people we call the Sumerians were living in Mesopotamia. Old Kingdom Egypt Sumerian architecture  All our Mesopotamia articles Where is [...]

14 09, 2017

Hammurabi of Babylon – Mesopotamia – West Asian history

By |2019-09-05T05:40:09-07:00September 14th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

Code of Hammurabi (1700s BC) - Hammurabi of Babylon The Babylonian Empire About 1700 BC, there was a new king in Babylon. He pulled all the scattered cities of Mesopotamia back together into one empire. That's the Babylonian Empire. The king's name was Hammurabi. It's an Amorite name, so Hammurabi probably had Amorite ancestors. Who were [...]

14 09, 2017

Early Dynastic Mesopotamia – West Asian history

By |2019-05-19T18:40:53-07:00September 14th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

A statue of a worshipper from Mari, on the Euphrates river in Mesopotamia (modern Syria): Early Dynastic period When is the Early Dynastic period? Around 2900 BC comes a time period called Early Dynastic, which lasts for about 600 years (there is a good deal of disagreement). It corresponds to the Old Kingdom in Egypt and [...]

13 09, 2017

West Asian government – Mesopotamia and Iran

By |2019-09-05T05:41:02-07:00September 13th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

West Asian government: the stele of Naram-Sin shows the king leading his troops to victory. Empires and city-states Since the time of the Akkadians, about 2300 BC, West Asian government has cycled back and forth between unity and disunity. Sometimes there are big empires ruled by a "king of kings". Other times there are smaller kingdoms [...]

8 08, 2017

Cherokee history – Native Americans

By |2019-09-18T07:49:15-07:00August 8th, 2017|Native American|2 Comments

Cherokee history: statues from Etowah (now northern Georgia) from about 1300 AD (maybe these should really be counted as Creek?) The Ani Chota The Cherokee nation was the largest nation of eastern North America.  They were probably also the most important. But they did not call themselves the Cherokee. They called themselves the [...]

27 07, 2017

Yayoi – Iron Age Japan

By |2018-04-18T09:53:57-07:00July 27th, 2017|History, Japan|0 Comments

Yayoi pottery, ca. 100-200 AD By about 800 BC, most people in Japan were shifting from Stone Age hunting and gathering to farming rice for most of their food (but they were still also eating a lot of fish). People in Japan started raising pigs at this time, too, brought over from China. Like farmers everywhere, people in Japan started to fight over land, and [...]

19 07, 2017

Greek hoplite phalanx – the army

By |2019-09-13T07:00:29-07:00July 19th, 2017|Greeks|9 Comments

Ancient Greek soldiers - Greek hoplites in a phalanx formation (Chigi Vase, ca. 650 BC) Before the hoplite phalanx In the Bronze Age, and in the early part of the Archaic period, Greek soldiers fought their battles the same way most other soldiers did in the Mediterranean and West Asia. They learned to [...]

12 07, 2017

Xenia – guests and hosts in ancient Greece

By |2018-04-23T10:13:16-07:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, People|0 Comments

Kidnapping Helen of Troy (from Pompeii) In ancient Greece, xenia meant "the way you treat strangers or foreigners". It comes from a very old Proto-Indo-European (Yamnaya) word that means "stranger" but also "guest" and "host" and "foreigner" and sometimes "enemy". Do those words all seem very different to you? That's the point they're [...]

7 07, 2017

Greek history – Ancient Greece

By |2019-07-19T10:14:11-07:00July 7th, 2017|Greeks, History|0 Comments

Satellite view of Greece Between two continents Greece is near West Asia, and at the edge of Europe, the way Egypt is near West Asia, and at the edge of Africa. Greek geography and climate All our Ancient Egypt articles All our Africa articles And our Ancient Greece articles Being outsiders has given people [...]

29 06, 2017

What is a city-state? Definition

By |2019-09-13T06:46:25-07:00June 29th, 2017|Greeks|14 Comments

Ur was an early city-state. This is the Standard of Ur, from West Asia (2000 BC) What is a city-state? A city-state is like a very small country, with just one city in it. The Greeks called a city-state a polis. (You pronounce it "poh-liss".) That's where our word politics comes from. Types [...]