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Who is Astarte? West Asian religion

By |2018-04-13T11:20:06+00:00September 15th, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

The goddess Astarte in the Late Bronze Age The goddess Astarte As early as about 3000 BC,  Astarte was a Semitic goddess of love and fertility. People worshipped her in Mesopotamia and in the Levant. Like the Roman goddess Venus or the Greek goddess Aphrodite, Astarte started out as the goddess of the evening star. (And soon West Asian astronomers [...]

Who was the Roman goddess Venus? Roman religion

By |2017-09-04T16:45:03+00:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Venus rising out of the ocean, from Tunisia in North Africa (300s AD) The goddess Venus was the goddess of growing things, gardens, love and fertility for the Romans. People sacrificed to her when they wanted to have babies, or to make somebody fall in love with them. People thought of Venus as watery and [...]

The Roman forum – Roman architecture

By |2018-05-14T13:48:03+00:00August 26th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

Basilica Julia, Rome - in the Roman forum What was a Roman forum? At the center of most Roman cities was a big open space called the Forum. People met there to do business, to sell things and buy things, to see their friends, to find out about the news, and even to go [...]

Venus – Planets – Astronomy – Space science

By |2018-05-31T11:49:31+00:00August 19th, 2017|Physics|

This is what the planet Venus looks like from space. Venus is the second planet away from our Sun - Mercury is closer to the Sun, and then the Earth is a little farther from the Sun. Like the Earth, Venus probably formed about four and a half billion years ago, out of space dust in the same nebula. Venus is [...]

What are planets? Astronomy – Space science

By |2018-09-10T17:46:23+00:00August 19th, 2017|Physics|

What are planets? The planet Venus from space Before there were planets For several hundred million years after the Big Bang, there were no planets, only stars. Planets couldn't form until the first stars ran out of fuel and exploded into supernovas, about 14 billion years ago. The supernovas spewed out thousands of tons of carbon, oxygen, iron and other elements into space. Planets [...]

Venus project – the Morning Star

By |2018-05-31T11:49:17+00:00August 18th, 2017|Physics|

Sunset with Venus visible in the sky near the moon You can see the planet Venus for yourself, without a telescope. Venus is so bright that it's even brighter than most of the stars in the sky. Just look near the horizon just before the sun comes up or just after the sun sets. In this picture, Venus [...]

What are magnets? Physics and electricity

By |2018-05-31T11:49:22+00:00August 16th, 2017|Physics|

A magnet holding a steel bar Magnetism is a force created by electricity, or more specifically by electrons. In any iron atom, there are 26 electrons. Each electron has a tiny bit of negative charge. The way these electrons behave is impossible for us to imagine, because it's not like anything we can see. But we can [...]

European science – the Enlightenment

By |2017-08-07T21:37:41+00:00August 7th, 2017|Math, Modern Europe, Physics, Science|

Gottfried Leibniz, a German mathematician By 1650 AD, Europeans understood Islamic algebra and trigonometry better. Then they combined that with the exciting invention of the telescope and microscope. Together, these two new things led to a lot more new scientific discoveries. The Wars of Religion also got a lot of people thinking about what they really believed. How could you know for sure? [...]

The Knight’s Tale – Chaucer – Canterbury Tales

By |2018-04-24T09:13:53+00:00August 3rd, 2017|Literature, Medieval|

Chaucer's Knight's Tale: Medieval knights in the Metropolitan Museum of Art A story about Theseus Chaucer set his Knight's Tale in ancient Greece, and it's about Theseus, the king of Athens in Greek mythology. (So we can see that these medieval people knew all about Greek mythology!). In the story, Theseus is just coming back to Athens after [...]

Who is Aphrodite? Greek goddess

By |2018-04-23T09:48:09+00:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Religion|

Birth of the goddess Aphrodite (from Pompeii, about 50 AD) The goddess of love Aphrodite (a-fro-DIE-tee) was the Greek goddess of love. Naturally she was always falling in love with somebody. Or somebody was falling in love with her. Aphrodite is one of the oldest goddesses, the daughter of Ouranos. In some stories, [...]