Sparta

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12 07, 2017

Delphi oracle – Predicting the future

By |2019-05-03T16:22:31-07:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Religion|0 Comments

Temple of Apollo at Delphi How old was the shrine at Delphi? Delphi (DELL-fee), in central Greece, seems to have been a sacred shrine even before the Greeks arrived in Greece around 2100 BC. Later Greek myth said that Delphi was originally sacred to a giant snake, but when Apollo came he killed [...]

10 07, 2017

Melos and Athens – Thucydides

By |2018-04-23T08:03:15-07:00July 10th, 2017|Greeks, History, Literature|0 Comments

The Pnyx, where the Athenian Assembly met In 416 BC, Athens and Sparta were right in the middle of the Peloponnesian War. As part of that war, the Athenians got in an argument with the island of Melos. It ended in disaster. Melos was an island in the Aegean Sea, between Greece and the Persian [...]

9 07, 2017

Who was Archilochus? A Greek poet

By |2019-02-01T06:03:38-07:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, Literature, War|0 Comments

Archilochus: a bronze statuette of a Spartan man in armor, from about 500 BC When did Archilochus live? Archilochus was a poet who wrote in the 600s BC. He was from Ionia, the Greek colonies along the coast of modern Turkey. The Ionians were more or less under the power of the Lydians, [...]

9 07, 2017

Defeat at Thermopylae – Second Persian War

By |2018-04-23T08:07:48-07:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|0 Comments

Thermopylae The Spartans fought the Persians at the mountain pass of Thermopylae for three days, while the other Greek soldiers got safely away to the south. At the end of three days, every one of the three hundred Spartan soldiers was dead, along with the Spartan king, Leonidas. But meanwhile the Athenians and other [...]

9 07, 2017

Thermopylae – Xerxes and the Second Persian War

By |2018-04-23T08:07:20-07:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History, West Asia|0 Comments

Map of Greece showing where Thermopylae is The Greeks heard that Xerxes and the Persians were coming. They disagreed about what to do. The Spartans and Corinthians wanted to abandon northern Greece and only defend southern Greece (where they were). But the Athenians insisted that they should try to defend northern Greece at the [...]

9 07, 2017

Sicilian expedition – Peloponnesian War

By |2017-07-09T01:19:34-07:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|0 Comments

Alcibiades (from a later portrait done after he was dead) The Peloponnesian war was not going so well for Athens. So the Athenians decided to try a really dramatic, aggressive move. A young Athenian general named Alcibiades (al-se-BUY-a-dees) had a plan. He convinced the Athenian Assembly to send almost the entire Athenian army [...]

9 07, 2017

Battle of Marathon – Pheidippides – First Persian War

By |2018-04-23T08:03:33-07:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|0 Comments

Miltiades' bronze helmet from the Battle of Marathon Pheidippides runs to Sparta to get help The Athenians took up a strong position in the hills around Marathon and (according to legend) sent a runner, Pheidippides (fie-DIP-ih-dees), to another Greek city, Sparta, to ask for help. Sparta had the best army in Greece, and [...]

9 07, 2017

End of the Peloponnesian War

By |2018-03-30T20:12:43-07:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|0 Comments

The end of the Peloponnesian War: Tissaphernes, the Persian satrap Alcibiades changes sides The Spartans defeated the Sicilian Expedition in 415 BC. Plus, now they had the help of the Athenian general Alcibiades, who had gone over to the Spartan side. Alcibiades taught the Spartans how to fight naval battles.So the Spartans started [...]

9 07, 2017

Peloponnesian War – Athens and Sparta

By |2019-09-15T07:04:12-07:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks|6 Comments

Parthenon, Athens The Athenian historian Thucydides, who lived through the Peloponnesian War and wrote the history of it, began by asking, why did the war start? He answered that basically the war started because Athens was too greedy, and tried to take over all of Greece. They had taken everybody's money, and used [...]