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Delphi oracle – Predicting the future

By |2018-04-23T09:48:52+00:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Religion|

Temple of Apollo at Delphi Delphi (DELL-fee), in central Greece, seems to have been a sacred shrine even before the Greeks arrived in Greece around 2100 BC. Later Greek myth said that Delphi was originally sacred to a giant snake, but when Apollo came he killed the snake and took over its shrine. [...]

Melos and Athens – Thucydides

By |2018-04-23T08:03:15+00:00July 10th, 2017|Greeks, History, Literature|

The Pnyx, where the Athenian Assembly met In 416 BC, Athens and Sparta were right in the middle of the Peloponnesian War. As part of that war, the Athenians got in an argument with the island of Melos. It ended in disaster. Melos was an island in the Aegean Sea, between Greece and the Persian [...]

Who was Archilochus? A Greek poet

By |2018-04-23T08:29:52+00:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, Literature, War|

Archilochus: a bronze statuette of a Spartan man in armor, from about 500 BC Archilochus was a poet who wrote in the 600s BC. He was from Ionia, the Greek colonies along the coast of modern Turkey. Unlike the earlier poets Homer and Hesiod, who wrote long, serious poems, Archilochus is often very [...]

Defeat at Thermopylae – Second Persian War

By |2018-04-23T08:07:48+00:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Thermopylae The Spartans fought the Persians at the mountain pass of Thermopylae for three days, while the other Greek soldiers got safely away to the south. At the end of three days, every one of the three hundred Spartan soldiers was dead, along with the Spartan king, Leonidas. But meanwhile the Athenians and other [...]

Thermopylae – Xerxes and the Second Persian War

By |2018-04-23T08:07:20+00:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History, West Asia|

Map of Greece showing where Thermopylae is The Greeks heard that Xerxes and the Persians were coming. They disagreed about what to do. The Spartans and Corinthians wanted to abandon northern Greece and only defend southern Greece (where they were). But the Athenians insisted that they should try to defend northern Greece at the [...]

Sicilian expedition – Peloponnesian War

By |2017-07-09T01:19:34+00:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Alcibiades (from a later portrait done after he was dead) The Peloponnesian war was not going so well for Athens. So the Athenians decided to try a really dramatic, aggressive move. A young Athenian general named Alcibiades (al-se-BUY-a-dees) had a plan. He convinced the Athenian Assembly to send almost the entire Athenian army [...]

Battle of Marathon – Pheidippides – First Persian War

By |2018-04-23T08:03:33+00:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Miltiades' bronze helmet from the Battle of Marathon Pheidippides runs to Sparta to get help The Athenians took up a strong position in the hills around Marathon and (according to legend) sent a runner, Pheidippides (fie-DIP-ih-dees), to another Greek city, Sparta, to ask for help. Sparta had the best army in Greece, and [...]

End of the Peloponnesian War

By |2018-03-30T20:12:43+00:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|

The end of the Peloponnesian War: Tissaphernes, the Persian satrap Alcibiades changes sides The Spartans defeated the Sicilian Expedition in 415 BC. Plus, now they had the help of the Athenian general Alcibiades, who had gone over to the Spartan side. Alcibiades taught the Spartans how to fight naval battles.So the Spartans started [...]

Peloponnesian War – Athens and Sparta

By |2018-04-23T08:03:17+00:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Parthenon, Athens The Athenian historian Thucydides, who lived through the Peloponnesian War and wrote the history of it, began by asking, why did the war start? He answered that basically the war started because Athens was too greedy, and tried to take over all of Greece. They had taken everybody's money, and used [...]