Aegean Sea Map

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The Aegean Sea

The Aegean Sea

The Aegean Sea (eh-GEE-un) is a small ocean between Greece and Turkey, full of little islands. It is in the north-east corner of the Mediterranean Sea.

People have been sailing on the Aegean Sea since at least 5000 BC, when people began to trade in obsidian from the island of Melos. It was pretty easy to sail in the Aegean because you could go from island to island without being out of sight of land most of the time.

Video of the Aegean Sea

Many important historical events happened on the Aegean Sea. To begin with, there’s the story of the Trojan War and Odysseus‘ difficult trip home after the war. Then there’s the Persian Wars, with the Ionian Revolt, the Battle of Marathon, and the Battle of Salamis. After the Persian Wars, there’s the Athenian Empire, and then the Peloponnesian War, with the Athenian massacre at Melos.

Many years later, as the Romans took over the Mediterranean Sea, there was the Battle of Actium. Long years after that, Constantine founded the new Roman capital city of Constantinople.  A thousand years after that, the Ottoman Empire conquered  Constantinople and made it into their capital, calling it Istanbul. All of that happened in the Aegean Sea.

Learn by doing: check out some obsidian in a rock shop
More about Ancient Greece

Or check out the Aegean Sea article in the Encyclopedia Britannica.

Bibliography and further reading about the Aegean Sea:

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By |2017-07-27T22:30:20+00:00July 27th, 2017|Greeks|0 Comments
Cite this page: Carr, K.E. Aegean Sea Map. Study Guides, July 27, 2017. Web. November 18, 2018.

About the Author:

Dr. Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Facebook, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.

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