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Empires timeline – 500 BC to Jesus

By |2018-04-09T10:31:17-07:00September 10th, 2017|History, Romans, When|

Achilles bandaging the wounded Achilles binding up the wounds of Patroclos (Athens, red-figure vase, 500 BC -now in Berlin) All over the world, the time between 500 BC and 1 BC was a time of unification. People traded with each other. And they built big empires. Cyrus the Great's unification of the Persian Empire brought peace and stability [...]

Logic and the scientific method

By |2018-05-31T11:49:22-07:00September 6th, 2017|Science|

An eclipse of the moon. You can see the curved shadow of the Earth. Once people have seen that something happens through observation, sooner or later it will occur to them to ask why it happens. And is there any way to prove that it will happen the same way every time? Sumerians developed advanced math to [...]

Skeptics – Greek philosophy

By |2018-04-18T17:19:14-07:00August 16th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

This is supposed to be a bust of Pyrrhon, the founder of Skeptic philosophy We don't know as much as we might like to about the activities of Plato's Academy after the death of Aristotle. But between about 300 and 100 BC- almost up to the birth of Jesus - the Academy became known as the center of [...]

Ancient philosophy: ethics, fate, and science

By |2018-04-24T11:55:01-07:00August 16th, 2017|Philosophy|

Weighing the souls of the dead Philosophy means the love of wisdom. But what does that mean? It's hard to separate philosophy from religion. And it's also hard to draw a line between philosophy and science and mathematics. All of these are parts of people's search to make order out of nature. They're a way of [...]

Martin Luther King, Jr. – American history

By |2017-08-14T12:11:27-07:00August 14th, 2017|History, North America|

Martin Luther King Jr. leading a protest march One of Martin Luther King's most famous pieces of writing was his Letter from a Birmingham Jail. In 1963, Dr. King was in jail in Birmingham, Alabama for participating in a protest march. From the jail, he sent a letter to other Christian ministers - [...]

Who was Anaxagoras? Greek scientist

By |2019-01-26T12:15:15-07:00July 18th, 2017|Greeks, Science|

Anaxagoras came from Clazomenae: A map showing Clazomenae Where was Anaxagoras from? Like Thales before him, Anaxagoras was born in what's now Turkey. Anaxagoras was born around 500 BC in a city called Clazomenae, in the Persian Empire. When he was a child, Clazomenae participated in the Ionian Revolt and soon became part of the Athenian Empire. Who was Thales? More [...]

Who is Socrates? Ancient Greek philosopher from classical Athens

By |2017-12-26T13:40:41-07:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

A short biography of Socrates Socrates was the first of the three great Athenian philosophers (the other two are Plato and Aristotle). He was born in Athens in 469 BC, so he lived through the time of Pericles and the Athenian Empire. But he was too young to remember Marathon or Salamis. He was not [...]

Who is Plato? Greek philosophy – Allegory of the Cave

By |2018-06-13T19:13:31-07:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

Who is Plato? Socrates probably taught Plato in this part of Athens, near the Athenian Agora (but the temple wasn't there yet) Plato's rich family The Greek philosopher Plato was born about 429 BC, close to the time when Pericles died. He died in 347 BC, just after the birth of Alexander the [...]

Greek philosophy – ancient Greece

By |2019-03-12T11:59:05-07:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

Greek philosophy at a symposium: men talking at a party - Loan Ant.103.18.The Fitzwilliam Museum The beginnings of philosophy In the 500s BC, people all over Europe and Asia became more and more interested in great philosophical questions. Why are we here? How does the world work? Why do things happen the way [...]

What is the Socratic method? Greek philosophy

By |2018-04-23T09:37:39-07:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

A young teacher and a student talking about the lesson (Athens, 400s BC) Here are some of the conversations, or dialogues, that Plato wrote down. They are summaries of what Plato remembered of his teacher, Socrates' teaching and conversations. Most of them are named after the person that Socrates was talking to on [...]