Pyramids

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West Asian mathematics – history of math

By |2018-05-10T10:12:08+00:00September 16th, 2017|Science, West Asia|

History of math: Sumerian multiplication table (2700 BC) Cuneiform multiplication table Once people in West Asia figured out how to write down numbers, about 3500 BC, they quickly began to want to use cuneiform to write down other mathematical ideas. (Read more about the invention of numbers) The earliest example of this that we have is from about 2700 BC. It [...]

What is a ziggurat? Mesopotamian architecture

By |2017-12-28T14:59:29+00:00September 11th, 2017|Architecture, West Asia|

Remains of the ziggurat at Warka, in Iraq, 3000 BC (before it was reconstructed) Like the Egyptians at the same time, Bronze Age Sumerians and Iranians around 3000-2500 BC devoted a lot of energy to building big buildings. But unlike the Pyramids, which are tombs for dead Pharaohs, the Sumerian and Iranian ziggurats (ZIG-oo-rats) are temples for their gods. Ziggurats were [...]

Bronze Age timeline: 4000-2000 BC

By |2018-04-07T17:04:35+00:00September 10th, 2017|Central Asia, History|

A clay pot with a drawing of a wheeled cart from what is now Poland, about 3500 BC Around 4000 BC, there were enough people in West Asia, Egypt, China, and Peru for them to live in small cities (about 10,000-50,000 people). These places began to choose kings to govern them. Then they formed the first small empires. They built the [...]

South American and Central American architecture

By |2018-04-12T08:53:21+00:00September 8th, 2017|Architecture, Central America, South America|

Olmec Pyramid, La Venta, Mexico (500 BC) The earliest big buildings from South America are in Ecuador and Peru, along the Pacific coast. The Norte Chico people and the Valdivia people built stone temples there as early as 3500 BC. Later on, people also built stone buildings in Central America (modern Mexico). Olmec people built them about 1150 [...]

Archaic North America – Native Americans

By |2018-08-28T12:58:01+00:00August 8th, 2017|History, Native American|

Archaic North America - the glaciers melted with the end of the Ice Age When did the Archaic period begin? After the Paleo-Indian period, beginning about 8000 BC, came the Archaic period. During the Early Archaic period, the Ice Age ended. The great glaciers that covered the northern part of North America gradually melted away. Hunters started [...]

European science in the 1800s

By |2018-04-16T10:32:30+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Science|

European boys at school in the 1800s In the first half of the 1800s AD, countries in northern Europe like France and Britain forced India, Ghana, Nigeria, Canada, and other countries to give them food. That meant that many people in northern Europe could stop farming and get an education. Families sent more boys to school than girls, so most of the educated people were [...]

Who was Thales of Miletus? Greek Astronomy

By |2018-04-23T14:20:25+00:00July 18th, 2017|Greeks, Science|

Thales of Miletus might have watched plays in this theater at Miletus (before it had stone seats) Biography of Thales Thales was born in what's now Turkey, in the city of Miletus, about 630 BC, during the Archaic period. At that time, Miletus was a city where people spoke Greek, though it may have paid taxes or [...]

Old Kingdom Egypt – the beginning of Ancient Egypt

By |2018-05-08T15:37:31+00:00June 15th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, History|

Old Kingdom Egypt: Narmer Palette (about 3100 BC) Egypt becomes one country When Egypt first became one unified country around 3000 BC under a Pharaoh from Upper Egypt (the south), the Pharaohs quickly came to have a great deal of power over their subjects. The Pharaohs' capital was at Memphis. This slate palette [...]

Pyramids – Egypt – Who built the Egyptian pyramids at Giza?

By |2018-11-28T11:38:13+00:00June 13th, 2017|Africa, Architecture, Egypt|

Egyptian pyramids - the Step Pyramid at Giza What are the Pyramids? Like the Sumerians at the same time, the Egyptians around 3000-2500 BC devoted a lot of energy to building big buildings. The Egyptian Pyramids at Giza are one of the most impressive monuments of the ancient world, and you can still visit [...]

Pyramids and houses – Ancient Egyptian architecture

By |2018-04-09T23:55:19+00:00June 13th, 2017|Africa, Architecture, Egypt|

Pyramids at Giza, Egypt People tend to think that Egyptian building styles stayed the same for the whole period of Ancient Egypt, from the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the end of the New Kingdom two thousand years later, but that's not true. The Egyptians built different kinds of buildings at different [...]