pilgrimage

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What is a pilgrimage? Middle Ages

By |2018-09-17T11:28:41+00:00August 4th, 2017|Medieval, Religion|

The first view of the pilgrimage: Chartres on the horizon Who went on pilgrimages? In the Middle Ages, many people - both men and women - went on short or long pilgrimages. A pilgrimage is a trip you take to a famous religious place. Christians, Jews, and Muslims went on pilgrimages. Most people walked, and others rode horses or went [...]

Mary’s dress – Medieval Chartres

By |2018-09-01T06:36:45+00:00August 4th, 2017|History|

Mary's tunic, preserved in a glass case in the treasury of Chartres cathedral in France Romantic story of Mary's dress According to a popular story, about 800 AD, Irene, the Empress of the Roman Empire in Eastern Europe and West Asia, wanted to become more friendly with Charlemagne, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire in [...]

Chaucer – Canterbury Tales – Middle Ages

By |2017-08-03T21:53:12+00:00August 3rd, 2017|Literature, Medieval|

Chaucer's tomb in Westminster Abbey Geoffrey Chaucer was born about 1343 AD, probably in London, England, during the Hundred Years' War. His father seems to have been pretty well off; he sold wine to bars and taverns. Chaucer's mother was also well off; she inherited twenty-four shops in London from her uncle. The plague struck England when Chaucer was about five [...]

Toulouse – St. Sernin – Romanesque

By |2018-04-15T16:50:51+00:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Church of St. Sernin, Toulouse, France In 1080 AD, the church of St. Sernin in Toulouse was a busy place. Charlemagne had given the church some saints' relics, and many people stopped to pray there when they were on pilgrimage to St. Jacques de Compostela in Spain. But the little old church, built in the 300s AD under Roman rule, was too [...]

Chartres cathedral transepts

By |2018-04-24T08:01:24+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Chartres cathedral crossing and transept When the builders were done with the nave, they built the great big columns of the crossing. Like the columns of the nave, the crossing columns went almost uninterrupted all the way up, to draw your eyes upward. They were made to look like a lot of little columns, [...]

Chartres cathedral – medieval France

By |2018-09-01T07:29:13+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Chartres on the horizon Why was Chartres so important? Even though Chartres, near Paris, France, was only a small town, it had an important treasure: the dress that people said Mary was wearing when she gave birth to the baby Jesus (or maybe when she found out she was pregnant). Thousands of people came on pilgrimage every year to [...]

History of the hajj – Islamic religion

By |2017-07-26T23:17:45+00:00July 26th, 2017|Islam, Religion|

Mohammed praying at the Ka'aba(in an Ottoman book from 1388 AD) From the very beginnings of Islam, in the 600s AD, Muslims believed that Allah wanted them to go to Mecca to pray at the Kaaba at least once in their lifetime. They called this trip the hajj. Most people were too poor to afford such a long and [...]