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Medieval Islamic science

By |2018-04-24T08:21:20+00:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Al Tusi's diagram of linear motion from circular motion In the Early Middle Ages, before the formation of the Islamic Empire, Buddhists ran the world's biggest universities. One was in India, at Nalanda. Another was in what is now Pakistan, at Taxila. In Egypt, the University of Alexandria was still an important center of learning, too. Most serious scholars went to [...]

Science and Math in ancient India

By |2018-11-30T07:51:48+00:00July 22nd, 2017|India, Science|

Ancient Indian science: Mohenjo Daro (ca. 2000 BC) From the time of the Harappans to the time of the Islamic conquests, Indian scientists and mathematicians were leaders. Ancient Indian science especially stood out in mathematics and engineering. Invention of zero History of steel Ancient India articles Harappan science and math in India The Harappans in 2500 BC had a sewage system at their [...]

Buddhist monks in India and China

By |2018-10-05T06:25:00+00:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

Takht-i Bahi, a Buddhist monastery in eastern Pakistan (about 50 AD) where Buddhist monks could study Holy men and women While Gautama Buddha was still alive, about 500 BC, he had many followers. Some of these men and women in India wanted to be extra good Buddhists. So they decided to try to live as purely as they [...]

Buddhism in India – A religion of ancient India – History of Buddhism

By |2018-11-02T06:07:17+00:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|

Buddhism in India - Buddha Reincarnation and the wheel In the 500s BC, during the later part of the Vedic period in India, the idea of reincarnation became very strong among Hindus. Most people believed that after you died, you would be reborn in another form, and then reborn again, and again, forever. Read up on Hinduism... [...]

Pandya Empire – history of India

By |2018-09-07T10:42:25+00:00July 20th, 2017|History, India|

Gate of Sri Ranganathaswami temple at Srirangam, built by Pandya king Jatavarman Sundara in the 1200s AD The Pandya Empire takes over After the Chola Empire collapsed in the 1200s AD, their old enemies, the Pandyas, took over control of south India. Both the Cholas and the Pandyas spoke Tamil. Mostly they're the same culture, though [...]

India after the Mauryans

By |2017-07-20T11:59:25+00:00July 20th, 2017|History, India|

Rock-cut temples at Ajanta, India (100s BC) About 150 BC, the Mauryan Empire collapsed. India split up into a lot of small kingdoms. These small kingdoms were weak and so they were often invaded by stronger neighbors. The Greeks under their king Seleucus came back in 150 BC. They conquered the Indus Valley (modern Pakistan) again, but they didn't [...]

Who was Archimedes? Eureka!

By |2018-04-23T13:58:51+00:00July 18th, 2017|History|

Syracuse, Sicily, with Mount Etna in the background Archimedes was born about 287 BC, so he was a little younger than Euclid. Archimedes' father was an astronomer. Because Archimedes was related to the tyrant who ruled Syracuse, on the island of Sicily, he lived his whole life in Sicily, except when he went to study at the University of [...]