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What is tuberculosis? History of diseases

By |2018-04-18T18:18:04+00:00September 7th, 2017|Science, West Asia|

A child with tuberculosis Tuberculosis is a lung disease caused by germs. Today we can usually cure it with antibiotics. But in antiquity there was no cure. Many people died of tuberculosis. One kind of tuberculosis seems to have infected people since the Paleolithic. It came to North America and South America with the first people, about 13,000 BC. This tuberculosis [...]

Galen and Roman medicine – doctors in the Roman Empire

By |2018-04-18T18:18:03+00:00September 4th, 2017|Romans, Science|

Roman medicine: Galen used surgical instruments like these Roman medicine is really West Asian and African medicine. That's because most of the great doctors of the Roman Empire lived in West Asia (in Turkey and Syria), or in Africa (in Egypt), not in Europe. These doctors started from earlier Egyptian, Indian, and Greek medical research. Like Egyptian [...]

Al Razi – Medieval Islamic science

By |2018-04-24T08:21:22+00:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

A manuscript copy of Al Razi's writing (from 1094 AD) Al Razi was born in Iran, in the Samanid kingdom, in 865 AD, when Iran was part of the Abbasid Empire. The Samanids were traders who encouraged education and the arts, and many scientists and artists lived in their kingdom. Al Razi seems to have started out as [...]

History of Indian medicine

By |2018-09-27T12:21:49+00:00July 22nd, 2017|India, Science|

Indian medicine: the Atharva Veda manuscript: an Indian medical book Early Indian medicine Medicine got an early start in India. Even in the Stone Age, about 5000 BC, dentists at Mehrgahr were drilling people's teeth. They tried to fix people's cavities. That's in the Indus River Valley (now in Pakistan). Where is Mehrgahr? History of medicine The [...]

Science and Math in ancient India

By |2018-11-30T07:51:48+00:00July 22nd, 2017|India, Science|

Ancient Indian science: Mohenjo Daro (ca. 2000 BC) From the time of the Harappans to the time of the Islamic conquests, Indian scientists and mathematicians were leaders. Ancient Indian science especially stood out in mathematics and engineering. Invention of zero History of steel Ancient India articles Harappan science and math in India The Harappans in 2500 BC had a sewage system at their [...]

Ancient Greek medicine and doctors

By |2018-10-17T20:41:47+00:00July 18th, 2017|Greeks, Science|

Greek medicine: Sacrificing a sheep to Asclepius Getting sick in ancient Greece Disease was a very serious problem for the Greeks, as for all other people in the ancient and medieval worlds. One out of three babies died before they were a year old. Half of all children died before they were ten. And even [...]

Ancient Greek science – math, astronomy, medicine

By |2018-08-22T14:21:07+00:00July 18th, 2017|Greeks, Science|

Ancient Greek science: Greek doctor letting blood out of a patient because he believes in the four humors When did Greek science get started? By about 600 BC, ancient Greek people were getting richer from trading between Egypt, West Asia, Carthage, and Europe. Now richer families could afford to send their boys to college. More boys got a good education and became scientists. Soon [...]

Doctors and medicine in ancient Egypt

By |2018-10-18T10:29:46+00:00June 19th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, Science|

Ancient Egyptian medicine: Egyptian boys being circumcised, from the tomb of the Vizier Ankhmahor and his wife Mereruka Sixth Dynasty (Old Kingdom, ca. 2300 BC) Best doctors in the Western world Throughout all of antiquity, from the Stone Age to the Islamic period, the doctors of Egypt were the best in the Western [...]