Himalayas

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21 09, 2017

What is plate tectonics? Earthquakes and volcanoes

By |2019-08-16T08:59:53-07:00September 21st, 2017|Geology|0 Comments

Plate tectonics: The world as seen from space (flattened out) The continents move around When you look at a map of the world, it seems as though it was always like that - North America on top of South America, Europe north of Africa, Australia off at the bottom right. But really all of the dry land on Earth moves [...]

20 08, 2017

What is snow? Weather – Earth science

By |2018-04-24T14:32:37-07:00August 20th, 2017|Physics|0 Comments

If it's colder, rain may fall as snow. About two and a half billion years ago, the Earth finally cooled down enough for it to snow for the first time. Most of the time since then, the Earth has been warm enough that it didn't snow at all. But from time to time, the Earth becomes cooler, entering [...]

18 08, 2017

Earthquakes and algae – the planet Earth

By |2019-05-22T14:05:38-07:00August 18th, 2017|Physics|0 Comments

Molten lava: the beginnings of planet Earth What is the Earth made of? Most of the molecules that smashed together to make the Earth were iron. The smashing together released a lot of heat, so the whole center of the planet Earth is made of hot melted iron. How old is the Earth? What is [...]

21 07, 2017

Shiva – Hindu god – Ancient India

By |2017-07-21T13:13:00-07:00July 21st, 2017|India, Religion|0 Comments

The Hindu god Shiva Shiva was a Hindu fertility god, who made the crops grow. He was not mentioned in the Rig Veda, about 1000 BC, and seems to have come into Hinduism later than that. Around 300 BC, in the Mauryan period, people began worshipping Shiva. This might be another name for the Harappan god Rudra. But unlike the earlier Hindu gods, [...]

20 07, 2017

Cinderella in India – Mahabharata

By |2019-04-04T06:02:10-07:00July 20th, 2017|India|0 Comments

Indian woman from the Mauryan period (ca. 200 BC), about the time of this Cinderella story How old is the story of Cinderella? This story comes from the Sanskrit epic poem the Mahabharata. Story-tellers were probably telling this story at least by 500 BC, during the Vedic period, and somebody wrote it down by 300 BC or so. This [...]

25 06, 2017

Where are the Himalaya Mountains? India

By |2019-08-14T11:50:48-07:00June 25th, 2017|China, Geology, India|0 Comments

Himalaya Mountains India breaks off of Africa About 55 million years ago, plate tectonics made the land that is now India break off from what is now Africa. At this time, the first modern mammals like rats and guinea pigs were evolving, and most of the Earth was covered in forests. The Tertiary [...]

25 06, 2017

Which mountains are the highest?

By |2018-04-21T11:56:41-07:00June 25th, 2017|Geology|0 Comments

Up in the Alps in Switzerland Which mountains are the highest in the world? Practice graphing and see how much higher some mountain chains are than others. The highest peaks of each mountain range are below: Appalachian Mountains: 2037 meters above sea level Alps: 4810 meters Rocky Mountains: 4399 meters Himalaya Mountains: 8850 [...]

25 06, 2017

Tertiary period – mammals and mountains

By |2019-09-20T12:42:36-07:00June 25th, 2017|Geology|2 Comments

Tertiary period: Large animals evolved like moose Dinosaurs become extinct The Tertiary period begins with the catastrophe that killed off the dinosaurs at the end of the Cretaceous Period, about 65 million years ago. And the Tertiary lasts down to 1.8 million years ago. Mammals become more common With nearly all of the dinosaurs [...]

6 06, 2017

Ancient China’s environment – Himalayas and Gobi Desert

By |2019-04-17T08:22:55-07:00June 6th, 2017|China, Environment|2 Comments

Himalaya Mountains: part of the Chinese environment China's like a staircase Sometimes people describe China's landscape as being like a staircase with three steps. The top step of this Chinese environment staircase is in the west, where the Himalaya mountains are (India is on the other side of these mountains). Himalaya Mountains India's [...]