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West Asian economy – Mesopotamia and Iran

By |2018-04-25T23:26:59+00:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Obsidian tools West Asia is located in the middle of the very wide land mass we call Europe and Asia and Africa, and so it has always played an important part in moving things from east to west and from west to east. Beginning as early as the Stone Age, about 7000 BC, people in West [...]

West Asian economy – the Bronze Age

By |2018-11-01T08:31:00+00:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

West Asian economy: Bronze Age tin ingots from a shipwreck near Haifa Trading for tin When people first began to use bronze, about 3000 BC, they had to trade a lot more than they had before, because they needed tin to make the bronze. You don't find tin just anywhere. What is bronze? Bronze Age timeline At [...]

Early Arabia – Arabian peninsula

By |2018-04-23T15:27:01+00:00July 23rd, 2017|History, Islam|

Ibex hunt from Yemen, 0-300 AD People probably first arrived in the Arabian peninsula about 60,000 BC,, crossing over the Sinai from Egypt or going all around the coast in their small boats. Some went on to Iran and India, but others settled down in the Arabian peninsula. Mostly they gathered seaweed and seafood, and fished from their boats. By about 2500 BC, Arabian traders were selling [...]

Mehrgahr – Stone Age India

By |2018-11-05T18:44:18+00:00July 20th, 2017|History, India|

Clay figurines from Mehrgahr First people in India The first people reached India from Africa around 40,000 BC. There were probably still Neanderthals and Denisovans further north, but not in India. At first Indian people probably got most of their food from fishing and gathering shellfish, like other people around the world at this time. People leave Africa Early [...]

Animals of ancient and medieval India

By |2018-04-18T23:55:59+00:00July 20th, 2017|Environment, History, India|

A white cow Cattle were probably the most important animals in India for people. Indian people did not eat cows, because Hindus thought of cows as sacred. But people used cows to pull carts, and for plowing fields, and also used cows' milk to make yogurt. Water buffalo People in India also got a lot [...]

Ancient Indian economy

By |2018-04-23T14:47:03+00:00July 20th, 2017|Economy, India|

Ancient India trade: Indian herbal medicines Most people in ancient India, as in other parts of Asia and Europe at this time, were farmers. In India, farmers mainly grew wheat and rice, and cotton for cloth. They grew opium for medicine too. On the coast, people produced salt in big evaporation flats, and in Sri Lanka they dove for pearls. Indian traders shipped teak wood to [...]

Native Americans get horses and donkeys

By |2018-04-19T14:24:03+00:00June 20th, 2017|Native American, North America|

A Cheyenne man named Yellow Horse captures a herd of mules (Cheyenne drawing, about 1870). There had been no horses in North America since about 5600 BC, when buffalos ate their grass and then Native Americans (probably) hunted them (and camels) to extinction. But just after 1500 AD, horses returned when Spanish explorers brought [...]

What was Egypt like in the Stone Age?

By |2018-05-08T15:37:30+00:00June 17th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, History|

Hunting birds in ancient Egypt During most of the Stone Age, people in Egypt, like people everywhere else in the world, lived by hunting and gathering their food. They traveled around from place to place in the Nile Valley, harvesting wild grasses and digging up roots. People picked berries, and found bird eggs. They [...]

Ancient Egyptian Animals – Egypt’s wild animals, domesticated animals, and pets

By |2018-04-07T17:04:22+00:00June 13th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, Environment|

Ancient Egyptian animals: Crocodiles from the New Kingdom Mostly, the same kinds of animals lived in ancient Egypt as in other parts of Africa. Wild animals included crocodiles, who lived in the Nile River water (and there are still lots of crocodiles in the Nile today, too!). There were lots of water birds [...]

Farming in Ancient Egypt

By |2018-04-19T13:24:01+00:00June 13th, 2017|Africa, Economy, Egypt, Food|

Egyptian farming: Ancient Egyptian cattle plowing (Louvre Museum, Paris) The Egyptians started farming a little later than their neighbors in West Asia and about the same time as other people around the world, probably around 10,000 BC, but definitely by 5200 BC. At first people farmed by just digging a hole in the ground for [...]