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27 08, 2017

The Pantheon – Roman Architecture

By |2019-09-10T06:52:25-07:00August 27th, 2017|Romans|21 Comments

Hadrian's Pantheon from the outside. Built in Rome, around 120 AD. Who built the Roman Pantheon? In the time of the Roman Emperor Augustus, about 10 BC, one of his generals, a man named Agrippa, built a temple in the middle of downtown Rome "to all the gods". A temple to all the gods is a Pantheon, which [...]

14 08, 2017

Brigham Young – Mormon religion

By |2019-02-23T14:15:13-07:00August 14th, 2017|History|0 Comments

Brigham Young in the 1840s And after they killed Joseph Smith? After a mob killed Joseph Smith, the Mormons chose a new leader, Brigham Young (BRIG-am yung) and wisely left Illinois. The Mormon Church American religion All our American history articles Where did the Mormons move to? In 1847, Brigham Young decided that the Mormons [...]

31 07, 2017

What is a misericorde? Middle Ages

By |2017-07-31T05:40:32-07:00July 31st, 2017|Art, Medieval|0 Comments

A misericorde in a church In the Middle Ages, priests and monks sang in their church choirs just as people do today. Sometimes they had to sing for hours, standing up. Their legs would get very tired. But they weren't supposed to sit down. Misericorde from Walcourt, Belgium (1500s AD) So the monks built folding wooden [...]

30 07, 2017

Parts of a Church – Architecture

By |2019-04-03T17:48:14-07:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|0 Comments

Notre Dame of Paris (1160s AD) The shape of a cross Medieval architects designed most Romanesque and Gothic churches starting with the design of a Roman basilica. But many churches added a part coming out crossways. That made the whole church take the shape of a cross. Roman basilicas Medieval architecture All our medieval Europe articles What is [...]

24 05, 2017

What is a transept? Medieval Architecture

By |2018-04-15T10:15:07-07:00May 24th, 2017|Architecture, History|0 Comments

Transept of Rouen cathedral (France, 1200s AD) Transepts were part of medieval Christian churches. Most churches were shaped like a cross, to remind people about Jesus' crucifixion, and the transept is the cross-piece of the cross. Floor plan of Chartres Cathedral Sometimes there were big rose windows (round windows) and doors [...]

24 05, 2017

What’s a flying buttress? Medieval Europe

By |2018-09-26T16:45:46-07:00May 24th, 2017|Architecture, History, Medieval, Northern Europe|1 Comment

Flying buttress (Rouen Cathedral, 1200s AD) Gothic cathedrals In the 1100s AD, architects in northern France wanted to build big impressive Gothic cathedrals. They also wanted their cathedrals to be full of light, so they would be inspiring, not dark and depressing. What's a cathedral? Gothic cathedrals Lots of Middle Ages articles But [...]