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The Pantheon – Roman Architecture – Ancient Rome

By |2018-01-01T11:27:59+00:00August 27th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

Hadrian's Pantheon from the outside. Built in Rome, around 120 AD. Who built the Roman Pantheon? In the time of the Roman Emperor Augustus, about 10 BC, one of his generals, a man named Agrippa, built a temple in the middle of downtown Rome "to all the gods". A temple to all the gods is a Pantheon, which [...]

Christianity in the 200s AD – History of religion

By |2018-03-19T11:15:11+00:00August 23rd, 2017|Religion, Romans|

An early Christian house church at Dura Europos, in Syria (200s AD) Christian persecution pauses During the forty years between 261 AD and 303 AD, the Roman government did not officially persecute the Christians. The emperors were busy with the worst of the Crisis of the Third Century. Maybe they were following the example of [...]

Brigham Young – Mormon religion

By |2017-08-14T15:29:54+00:00August 14th, 2017|History|

Brigham Young in the 1840s After a mob killed Joseph Smith, the Mormons chose a new leader, Brigham Young (BRIG-am yung) and wisely left Illinois. In 1847, Brigham Young decided that the Mormons should move way out west to Utah, where the Ute and Paiute people lived. Utah was part of Mexico at this time. In the next year, though, [...]

What is a misericorde? Middle Ages

By |2017-07-31T05:40:32+00:00July 31st, 2017|Art, Medieval|

A misericorde in a church In the Middle Ages, priests and monks sang in their church choirs just as people do today. Sometimes they had to sing for hours, standing up. Their legs would get very tired. But they weren't supposed to sit down. Misericorde from Walcourt, Belgium (1500s AD) So the monks built folding wooden [...]

Parts of a Church – Architecture

By |2017-07-30T17:40:56+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Notre Dame of Paris (1160s AD) Medieval architects designed most Romanesque and Gothic churches starting with the design of a Roman basilica. But many churches added a part coming out crossways. That made the whole church take the shape of a cross. It gave you more room for people to see the mass. And it reminded people how Jesus died on [...]

What is a transept? Medieval Architecture

By |2018-04-15T10:15:07+00:00May 24th, 2017|Architecture, History|

Transept of Rouen cathedral (France, 1200s AD) Transepts were part of medieval Christian churches. Most churches were shaped like a cross, to remind people about Jesus' crucifixion, and the transept is the cross-piece of the cross. Floor plan of Chartres Cathedral Sometimes there were big rose windows (round windows) and doors [...]

What’s a flying buttress? Medieval Europe

By |2018-09-26T16:45:46+00:00May 24th, 2017|Architecture, History, Medieval, Northern Europe|

Flying buttress (Rouen Cathedral, 1200s AD) Gothic cathedrals In the 1100s AD, architects in northern France wanted to build big impressive Gothic cathedrals. They also wanted their cathedrals to be full of light, so they would be inspiring, not dark and depressing. What's a cathedral? Gothic cathedrals Lots of Middle Ages articles But [...]