Chartres

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St. Nicholas – Christian saints

By |2018-04-24T23:09:09+00:00August 22nd, 2017|Medieval, Religion, Romans|

Nicholas hands the purses through the window to the poor girls (Chartres Cathedral, about 1200 AD) St. Nicholas is a Christian saint who is one source for the idea of Santa Claus. According to the story, Nicolas was born in the Roman Empire (in modern Turkey) about 270 AD. This was a time when a lot of people were [...]

What is a pilgrimage? Middle Ages

By |2018-09-17T11:28:41+00:00August 4th, 2017|Medieval, Religion|

The first view of the pilgrimage: Chartres on the horizon Who went on pilgrimages? In the Middle Ages, many people - both men and women - went on short or long pilgrimages. A pilgrimage is a trip you take to a famous religious place. Christians, Jews, and Muslims went on pilgrimages. Most people walked, and others rode horses or went [...]

Mary’s dress – Medieval Chartres

By |2018-09-01T06:36:45+00:00August 4th, 2017|History|

Mary's tunic, preserved in a glass case in the treasury of Chartres cathedral in France Romantic story of Mary's dress According to a popular story, about 800 AD, Irene, the Empress of the Roman Empire in Eastern Europe and West Asia, wanted to become more friendly with Charlemagne, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire in [...]

Medieval games – Games people played in Europe in the Middle Ages

By |2018-04-20T08:25:49+00:00August 1st, 2017|Games, Medieval|

Medieval games: Women playing chess Early medieval games: Dice, checkers, chess The games of medieval Europe were mainly the same as those of Egypt, Greece, and Rome: dice, knucklebones, marbles, checkers. But there were some new games, too. In the Middle Ages, chess came to Europe from the Islamic Empire. When the Arabs took over Spain, in 711 AD, they brought chess with them, and it [...]

Inside Notre Dame – Paris, France

By |2017-07-31T09:26:25+00:00July 31st, 2017|History|

Notre Dame of Paris nave After they had pretty much finished the nave of Notre Dame of Paris, the builders worked on the crossing. Then they started on the apse. They finished the apse in 1182 AD, and the nave in 1196. Then they began working on the transept. But they soon ran out of money to [...]

Gothic Cathedral – Middle Ages – History of architecture

By |2018-04-16T10:32:24+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Gothic cathedral: Nave of Rouen cathedral (1200s AD) Northern France gets rich enough to build cathedrals In the late 1100s and early 1200s AD, the kings of France, Philip and his son Louis, whose capital was Paris in the north, managed to conquer the south of France and make it part of their kingdom. Now all [...]

Chartres cathedral transepts

By |2018-04-24T08:01:24+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Chartres cathedral crossing and transept When the builders were done with the nave, they built the great big columns of the crossing. Like the columns of the nave, the crossing columns went almost uninterrupted all the way up, to draw your eyes upward. They were made to look like a lot of little columns, [...]

Chartres cathedral – inside the church

By |2017-07-30T17:22:30+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Chartres nave The architect started from the west end of the cathedral, at the nave. The builders built the nave very tall, the highest in France at that time - 120 feet. And, to keep the church from burning down again, they put on a stone roof instead of a wooden one. But a stone [...]

Chartres cathedral – medieval France

By |2018-09-01T07:29:13+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Chartres on the horizon Why was Chartres so important? Even though Chartres, near Paris, France, was only a small town, it had an important treasure: the dress that people said Mary was wearing when she gave birth to the baby Jesus (or maybe when she found out she was pregnant). Thousands of people came on pilgrimage every year to [...]