The goddess Venus was the goddess of growing things, gardens, love and fertility for the Romans. People sacrificed to her when they wanted to have babies, or to make somebody fall in love with them. People thought of Venus as watery and fluid – she was pictured as being born out of the ocean foam. Our word “venereal disease” also comes from Venus – those are sicknesses you catch through making love.
The Roman name for Friday was “dies Veneris”, the day of Venus. In Italian, Friday is still “venerdi”, and in French it is “vendredi”. In English, people translated it to the name of the German goddess Freya, so we call it Friday.
Learn by doing: learn the days of the week in Spanish
More about Mars
More about the planet Venus
And more about Aphrodite