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Who was the Roman goddess Venus? Roman religion

By | 2017-09-04T16:45:03+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Venus rising out of the ocean, from Tunisia in North Africa (300s AD) The goddess Venus was the goddess of growing things, gardens, love and fertility for the Romans. People sacrificed to her when they wanted to have babies, or to make somebody fall in love with them. People thought of Venus as watery and [...]

Who was the god Mars? The Roman god of war

By | 2017-09-04T16:05:22+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

So-called "Mars of Todi", an Etruscan statue from about 500 BC Mars was the Roman god of war and fighting, the son of Juno (all by herself, with no dad). People in the Roman Empire thought of Mars as being similar to the Greek god of war, Ares, but Mars was a popular god, who fought to bring peace and [...]

The Roman forum – Roman architecture

By | 2017-08-26T01:22:08+00:00 August 26th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

Basilica Julia, Rome - in the Roman forum At the center of most Roman cities was a big open space called the Forum. People met there to do business, to sell things and buy things, to see their friends, to find out about the news, and even to go to school. Usually the Forum had [...]

Augustine of Hippo – Christianity and the fall of Rome

By | 2017-08-21T15:41:56+00:00 August 21st, 2017|Religion, Romans|

The Roman theater at Thagaste (Souk Ahras), in Algeria, where Augustine grew up. Augustine was born in a small town in North Africa in the mid-300s AD. His parents were not poor, so when he got older and it seemed that he was very smart, they sent him to a bigger city to go [...]

What are planets? Astronomy – Space science

By | 2017-08-19T01:34:27+00:00 August 19th, 2017|Physics|

The planet Venus from space For several hundred million years after the Big Bang, there were no planets, only stars. Planets couldn't form until the first stars ran out of fuel and exploded into supernovas, about 14 billion years ago. The supernovas spewed out thousands of tons of carbon, oxygen, iron and other elements into space. Planets are made out of the recycled atoms [...]

Mars, the red planet – Astronomy

By | 2017-08-18T18:11:29+00:00 August 18th, 2017|Physics|

Mars, the way the planet looks from space The closest planet to Earth is Mars, and Mars is also the planet that seems most likely to have life on it besides our own Earth. It's the next planet further away from the Sun after Earth. When you look at Mars from Earth, it looks reddish, and even [...]

Observing the planet Mars – Astronomy

By | 2017-08-18T08:04:51+00:00 August 18th, 2017|Physics|

Seeing the planet Mars You can see Mars for yourself in the sky at night, without a telescope or binoculars. Look for a bright, reddish star. It works better to look pretty late at night, usually. I know it doesn't really look that red in the picture, but it does look reddish when [...]

What are magnets? Physics and electricity

By | 2017-08-16T16:48:47+00:00 August 16th, 2017|Physics|

A magnet holding a steel bar Magnetism is a force created by electricity, or more specifically by electrons. In any iron atom, there are 26 electrons. Each electron has a tiny bit of negative charge. The way these electrons behave is impossible for us to imagine, because it's not like anything we can see. But we can [...]