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Corn, beans, and squash growing together

Green corn ceremony: Corn, beans, and squash growing together

When people started farming…

Like other people around the world, when people in North America started to get more of their food from farming, starting about 1 AD, they also began to hold harvest festivals every year to celebrate a successful harvest with plenty of food to eat for the next year. People thanked the gods for sending a good harvest. We call this the Green Corn Ceremony.

Where does corn come from?
The Three Sisters
Native American religion
All our Native American articles

Pueblo ceremonies

Pueblo people, for instance, dressed up as their ancestors and danced carrying evergreen (pine) branches to symbolize green growing things. They celebrated in June, because in Arizona corn ripens in June.

Who are the Pueblo people?
North American climate

Cherokee and Shawnee ceremonies

Cherokee and Shawnee people honored the Corn Mother at their Green Corn Ceremony. First everyone went and washed themselves in a river and fasted (didn’t eat). Then they danced inside a sacred circle, showing how they planted and harvested the corn. At the center of the circle was a fire pit with a bonfire in it.

Who are the Cherokee?
Who are the Shawnee?
How to make popcorn

The holiday lasted for four days. People cleaned out their houses and burned the things from the last year, and started fresh with new clothes and new things. They ended any arguments and started their friendships fresh too. And of course, people ate lots of roasted cornpopcorn, and other treats!

Corn on the cob

Corn on the cob

Iroquois ceremonies

For Iroquois people, the Green Corn ceremony was in September. Up north, it took longer for the corn to get ripe. For the Iroquois, this was a women’s ceremony, because women planted and harvested the corn. People ate corn soup, beans, and squash.

Who are the Iroquois?
The Three Sisters in religion
Iroquois food
Native American food

People who came to North America from Europe after 1500 AD took many ideas from the Green Corn Ceremony and carried them over into today’s North American holiday of Thanksgiving.

More about the Three Sisters
More about Thanksgiving

Bibliography and further reading about Native American religion:

American religion after Europeans arrived
More about Native Americans
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