Environment

Home » Environment

Medieval Weather in Europe

By | 2017-08-01T10:13:27+00:00 August 1st, 2017|Environment, Medieval|

Medieval tapestry (Cluny Museum, Paris) Some people say that the cause of the fall of the Roman empire in the West around 400 AD was a change in the climate, which left many people starving and sick and made people unhappy with their government. It is true that there was a cold period around this time in Western Europe, [...]

Geography of the Arabian Peninsula

By | 2017-07-27T22:38:12+00:00 July 27th, 2017|Environment, West Asia|

Map of the Arabian peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is part of West Asia that sticks out to the south. It's only separated from Africa by the narrow Red Sea. The peninsula is very dry and hot and sunny. It hardly ever rains there. But still the Arabian Peninsula has often been one of the richest places on Earth. One [...]

Medieval Islamic environment

By | 2017-07-23T16:51:23+00:00 July 23rd, 2017|Environment, Islam, West Asia|

Bedouin tents today in the Arabian peninsula We can divide the environmental history of the medieval Islamic Empire into three different phases. The early phase, from the 600s to about 800 AD, is the time of the Umayyad and the Abbasid Caliphs. The climate was probably pretty similar to what it had been [...]

Plants in India – What grew there?

By | 2017-07-20T07:23:08+00:00 July 20th, 2017|Environment, India|

An Indian man selling mangoes When people first came to India, about 60,000 BC, they found some plants that they already knew about, like figs and onions. There were also a lot of new plants, and people soon began to experiment with these new foods. One new food was sugar cane, which you chewed to get the soft [...]

Animals of ancient and medieval India

By | 2017-07-20T06:59:12+00:00 July 20th, 2017|Environment, History, India|

A white cow Cattle were probably the most important animals in India for people. Indian people did not eat cows, because Hindus thought of cows as sacred. But people used cows to pull carts, and for plowing fields, and also used cows' milk to make yogurt. Water buffalo People in India also got a lot [...]

Ancient Indian environment

By | 2017-07-20T06:36:52+00:00 July 20th, 2017|Environment, India|

Indian Monsoon In much of India, there was only one big weather event every year, and that was the monsoon. Most of the year, it was very dry and sunny in India. Everything got hot and dusty and brown. But around May, clouds would start to gather, and it would get very muggy and heavy-feeling, and everybody would feel [...]

Ancient Greek climate, plants, and animals

By | 2017-07-06T02:10:23+00:00 July 6th, 2017|Environment, Greeks|

The island of Rhodes Fishing was very important to early Stone Age people, and fishing is probably what brought the first people to Greece. No part of Greece is more than about forty miles from the sea: a couple of days walking. So Greece was a great place to fish and to collect [...]

Ancient Greek weather

By | 2017-07-06T02:02:38+00:00 July 6th, 2017|Environment, Greeks|

Map of Greece The weather in ancient Greece, like the weather in most places, changed with the seasons. The weather also depended on whether you were in Northern Greece (near Thermopylae) or in Southern Greece (near Sparta). In the spring, it would be pretty rainy, especially in Northern Greece, and the plants would [...]

Temperature – Fahrenheit and Celsius

By | 2017-08-20T23:33:25+00:00 July 6th, 2017|Environment, Physics|

See how the degrees match up. Many hot things take up more room than the same things when they are cold. Thermometers take advantage of that to measure heat. The old-fashioned kind of thermometer you see here is a narrow glass tube with a glass ball or bulb at the bottom. Inside the glass is a little bit [...]

Early environment of northern Europe

By | 2017-06-27T01:01:54+00:00 June 27th, 2017|Environment, Northern Europe|

Black Forest in Northern Europe When people first arrived in northern Europe and Scandinavia, following the Danube inland from Central Asia, they found an environment that must have already been familiar to them: a lot of forests, cold weather, and clouds. In the winter it snows, and in the fall and spring it [...]