The Scythians were horse-riding nomads, who traveled around the western part of Central Asia taking care of their big herds of cattle and hunting wild animals like this deer. Scythian art was mostly small, so people could carry it around conveniently. For example, Scythian artists made a lot of gold ornaments, harness decorations, quiver decorations, belt buckles, and jewelry.
Scythian artists began to produce these gold ornaments in the 600s BC. This may be because Scythian men were working as mercenary soldiers for West Asians to their south, and the West Asians were paying them in gold. Their payment, and their need to find useful ways to spend their gold, may have been related to the development of coinage about this time.
Learn by doing: make a small figurine out of clay
More about Central Asian art
The Golden Deer of Eurasia, by Joan Aruz of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (2000). Exhibit catalogue, along with a sophisticated discussion about the relationship between nomads and settled people in Central Asia, and the effect of trade between them on their art.
Scythian Gold, by Ellen Reeder (1999). Catalogue of an great exhibit of Scythian material from Ukrainian museums, which was shown at the Met in New York, among other places.