Central Asia

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14 09, 2017

Who were the Persians? Persian Empire – Iran – history

By |2019-09-05T05:39:06-07:00September 14th, 2017|West Asia|8 Comments

The Persians came from the Central Asian steppe The Persians and the Medes Around 1200 BC, some Indo-European people from Central Asia moved south into West Asia. These people were the Persians and the Medes. Who were the Indo-Europeans? More Central Asia articles More West Asia (Middle East) articles Nomads and cattle-herders in Central Asia The Persians [...]

14 09, 2017

Who were the Scythians? Central Asian history

By |2019-09-05T05:39:15-07:00September 14th, 2017|Central Asia|0 Comments

Scythian history: A Scythian milking a sheep (Tolstaja Mogila kurgan, Ukraine, 400 BC) Scythians lived in Central Asia The Scythians were a large group of loosely connected people who lived in Russia. They also lived further south around the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea.  Like the Hittites, the Greeks and the Germans, they were Indo-Europeans. Powerful in the Iron Age We [...]

11 09, 2017

Scythian art history – Central Asian art

By |2019-09-05T06:00:05-07:00September 11th, 2017|Central Asia|0 Comments

Scythian deer from about 700-500 B.C. It is made out of gold, and it's now in St. Petersburg. The Scythians were horse-riding nomads, who traveled around the western part of Central Asia taking care of their big herds of cattle and hunting wild animals like this deer. Scythian art was mostly small, so people could carry it around conveniently. For [...]

10 09, 2017

Late Middle Ages timeline – 1100-1500 AD

By |2018-04-09T10:31:17-07:00September 10th, 2017|Central Asia, History, When|0 Comments

The Mongol court (1200s AD) After the warming trend of 1000 AD came a colder period around 1300 AD called the Little Ice Age. Again, people felt the effects around the world. In Central Asia, the Mongols rose to power in the late 1200s AD. They conquered China, Russia, northern India, and most of the Islamic Empire and united them into one huge [...]

10 09, 2017

Late Bronze Age timeline: 2000 – 1000 BC

By |2017-09-10T17:55:52-07:00September 10th, 2017|Central Asia, History|0 Comments

Earliest known spoked wheels, from a grave in western Siberia When about 2000 BC the Central Asians invented better wheels with spokes, so you could fight from your chariot, a new wave of Indo-Europeans moved from Central Asia west to Greece, and Italy, or south into Egypt and Iran, and from Iran about 1500 BC to India. Some of [...]

10 09, 2017

Bronze Age timeline: 4000-2000 BC

By |2019-02-24T07:17:10-07:00September 10th, 2017|Central Asia, History|0 Comments

A Bronze Age clay pot with a drawing of a wheeled cart from what is now Poland, about 3500 BC Cities, kings and empires Around 4000 BC, there were enough people in West Asia, Egypt, China, and Peru for them to live in small cities (about 10,000-50,000 people). These places began to choose kings to govern them. Then they formed the [...]

8 09, 2017

What is steel? Ancient and medieval steel

By |2018-04-24T08:21:18-07:00September 8th, 2017|India, Science|2 Comments

Damascus steel sword from the 1200s AD Soon after 300 BC, with the rise of the Silk Road, people were all looking for new ideas for things they could sell. Thanks to Buddhist monks, there were big universities in Mauryan India, where people came from all over Asia to study and work, and they, or someone else in India, [...]

7 09, 2017

What was smallpox? History of disease

By |2018-04-15T17:01:43-07:00September 7th, 2017|Central Asia, Science|0 Comments

A baby with smallpox (from the CDC) Smallpox was a very serious disease caused by a virus. Many people died of it. Smallpox caused little bumps on your skin, like chickenpox but much more serious. About two to five of every ten people who got smallpox died of it. There was (and is still) [...]

7 09, 2017

What is opium? World history of medicine and drugs

By |2017-09-07T09:33:48-07:00September 7th, 2017|Central Asia, Science|1 Comment

Opium poppy flower Opium comes from a kind of poppy flower. It evolved around 100 million years ago in West Asia and Central Asia. People probably realized as soon as they got to West Asia, about 60,000 years ago, that you could use opium as a medicine. By 6000 BC, in the Stone Age, West Asian farmers were already growing opium in their [...]

22 08, 2017

What did Manichaeans believe? – Christianity

By |2018-03-19T11:55:23-07:00August 22nd, 2017|Religion, West Asia|0 Comments

Manichaean painting (Turfan, western China, ca. 900s AD) The prophet Mani in the Sassanian Empire In the 300s and 400s AD many Christians turned to believing in Manichaeism, a form of Christianity. A man named Mani started this movement in the late 200s AD. Mani lived in the Sassanian Empire, where lots of people were Zoroastrians. So Zoroastrianism [...]