Who built the Golden Hall?
Ming Dynasty emperors built the Golden Hall palace on the slopes of Wudang Mountain in 1416 AD. The Golden Hall was part of the Ming emperors’ addition to a group of buildings that were already there. Wudang Mountain had been an important religious center for Taoists since the 600s AD.
What is Taoism?
Ming Dynasty architecture
Timeline: late Middle Ages
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Why did Zhu Di build it?
Zhu Di, the Yongle emperor, who built the temple, wanted to show how powerful he was, so he made sure the Golden Hall would be really spectacular to look at. He built the Golden Hall on the very highest spot on Wudang Mountain.
What does the Golden Hall look like?
Like other Chinese monuments, the Golden Hall is mainly twelve stone columns holding up a roof. The columns stand on a granite platform, with a carved stone ramp leading up to the door. But what’s exciting is that the entire walls and roof are made of cast bronze coated with gold gilding, making it shine yellow like gold. All the parts of the hall that would normally have been made of wood were cast in bronze instead.
How about inside?
Inside, there’s a life-size gilded bronze statue of Xuan Wu, a Taoist god. Zhu Di said that Xuan Wu had helped him overthrow his nephew to become emperor, and so he honored Xuan Wu with this temple – and reminded people of his own power.
Lightning and the Golden Hall
Because the Golden Hall was at the very top of the mountain, and made of metal, it attracted lightning strikes every time there was a thunderstorm, as if the gods were really there.