Syria

/Tag: Syria

Assyrians – Mesopotamia – West Asian history

By |2019-02-04T05:23:56-07:00September 13th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Assyrian history: the head of an Akkadian king (maybe Sargon, who invaded Assur) Where did the Assyrians live? We first hear of the Assyrians around 2300 BC. That's when Sargon of Akkad invaded their small kingdom, Assur, in what is now Syria. (Syria is named for the Assyrians.) More on the Akkadians The Bronze Age All our [...]

West Asian environment – Mesopotamia and Iran

By |2018-04-25T23:39:43-07:00September 13th, 2017|Environment, West Asia|

Snow in Afghanistan Afghanistan West Asia is a dry place, where it's always hard to get enough water and there are a lot of fights over water. The easternmost part of West Asia is Afghanistan, which is mountainous and cold in the winter. On the other side of Afghanistan is China, and for the [...]

Second Jewish revolt – Jewish history

By |2017-08-25T10:13:15-07:00August 25th, 2017|History, West Asia|

The Roman emperor Hadrian, 117-138 AD (now in the British Museum) During the reign of the Roman Emperor Hadrian, the Jews once again tried to get free of Roman rule. But like the First Jewish Revolt, this revolt failed as well. In addition, Hadrian hated the Jews. Hadrian was really into anything Greek, including Greek religion. [...]

Judah and Israel – Bible stories

By |2017-08-24T09:59:50-07:00August 24th, 2017|History, Religion, West Asia|

Assyrian prisoners of war from the siege of Lachish. Sennacherib's palace at Nineveh, 704-681 BC. (now in the British Museum) Under Solomon, Israel was a strong united kingdom. But when Solomon died, two of his sons divided the kingdom of Israel between them. At least that's what the Bible says. Certainly Israel really split [...]

St. Paul – Early Christianity – Religion

By |2018-10-29T09:43:28-07:00August 23rd, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Oldest known portrait of Paul (catacomb of Thecla, Rome, 300s AD) Paul starts out as Saul Saul was a Jewish man who converted to Christianity near the very beginning of the new religion. After he converted, he took the Christian name Paul. Judaism in the time of Jesus More about Christianity Roman Empire articles Paul preaches [...]

Lawyer’s Tale – Chaucer – Canterbury Tales

By |2018-04-24T09:08:58-07:00August 4th, 2017|Literature, Medieval|

The Lawyer's Tale: This is probably a picture of either the real Constantina or her mother Helena (Santa Costanza church, Rome) The Lawyer's Tale In the time of the Roman Empire, says the lawyer on Chaucer's pilgrimage, there was a Christian princess Custance, the daughter of the Emperor, who was very beautiful and good. Custance [...]

King Arthur’s Britain – Medieval history

By |2019-02-04T04:40:50-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Like the people King Arthur was fighting: Sutton Hoo Anglo-Saxon helmet (500s-600s AD, now in the British Museum) The end of Roman Britain When Constantine III revolted in England in 406 AD and took all its Roman troops with him to France, that was really the end of Roman control in Britain. Who was Constantine III? The Roman [...]

Basil, Zoe, and the Armenian Dynasty

By |2019-02-11T05:19:54-07:00August 1st, 2017|History, Medieval|

Basil starts the Armenian Dynasty In 867 AD, Basil killed Bardas and took over as Roman Emperor. That started the Armenian Dynasty. People call it that because of Basil's Armenian ancestors. (Sometimes people call it the Macedonian Dynasty because Basil was born in Macedon.) More about Bardas High Middle Ages All our medieval Europe articles Basil's foreign policy Basil continued [...]

al Nafis – Discoveries of Islamic scientists

By |2017-07-27T08:02:08-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Illustration in Ibn al Nafis Ibn al Nafis was born in Syria in the early 1200s AD, just as the power of the Seljuks was collapsing. He studied medicine in Damascus (in Syria) at first, but then moved to Cairo, in Mamluk Egypt, to work with the best doctors of his time (and maybe to escape the Mongol [...]

Medieval Islamic pottery – Islamic art

By |2018-04-23T15:22:28-07:00July 23rd, 2017|Art, Islam|

A tin-glazed plate Just about the time of the Arab conquests (about 600-700 AD), potters started to use metal-based glazes on their pots. So Islamic pottery looks very different from the Roman pottery that came before it. Tin-glazed bowl imitating Chinese pottery, ca. 850 AD West Asian potters invented this way of glazing pottery during the Roman Empire, [...]