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Colonization timeline – 1500 AD to modern times

By |2018-04-18T23:56:02+00:00September 10th, 2017|Africa, History, When|

Tenochtitlan under attack (painted in the 1600s) Beginning about 1500 AD, Europeans took advantage of new advances in sail technology to invade and take over most of the world beyond Europe. Their colonization had disastrous effects for the people they conquered. The Europeans began by sailing down the Atlantic coast of Africa. They went around Africa to India. And [...]

Who were the Maya? Central American history

By |2018-04-12T08:53:13+00:00September 9th, 2017|Central America, History|

Maya royal palace at Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico (600s-700s AD) When the Olmec rulers began to lose control of their country about 600 BC, new leaders came forward and took over ruling in Central America (modern Guatemala). These were the Maya. Archaeologists divide Maya history into four time periods, the Pre-Classic, the Classic, and the Post-Classic. The [...]

Mexico and colonization – Central American history

By |2018-04-08T21:33:39+00:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, History|

Tenochtitlan under attack (painted in the 1600s) In 1500 AD, the Aztec  controlled most of what is now Mexico. People also called them the Mexica. In 1519, the Aztec ruler, Moctezuma the Younger, was surprised to hear that white men on ships had shown up out of nowhere. Moctezuma invited the strangers to his capital city, [...]

Central and South American history – colonization

By |2018-04-29T10:45:08+00:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, History, South America|

South American history: Aztec doctor treating people with smallpox (1500s AD, Codex Mendoza) The Inca, Brazil, and Chile In 1500 AD, the Inca Empire dominated the east coast of South America. Further north, the Aztec empire under Montezuma II controlled Mexico and what is now Guatemala. In the center of South America was the Amazon rain forest. Many people lived [...]

What was smallpox? History of disease

By |2018-04-15T17:01:43+00:00September 7th, 2017|Central Asia, Science|

A baby with smallpox (from the CDC) Smallpox was a very serious disease caused by a virus. Many people died of it. Smallpox caused little bumps on your skin, like chickenpox but much more serious. About two to five of every ten people who got smallpox died of it. There was (and is still) [...]

Ancient diseases and doctors – History of medicine

By |2017-09-06T17:47:19+00:00September 6th, 2017|Egypt, Science|

Greek doctor letting blood out of a patient because he believes in the four humors Ancient doctors tried to cure everyone who was sick, but they did better with some diseases than with others. Let's look at some common diseases and see what Egyptian, Roman, or Islamic doctors were able to do about them: 1) the common cold virus: [...]

Marcus Aurelius – last of the five good Roman emperors

By |2018-04-25T10:04:09+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

The Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius, riding on a horse Marcus Aurelius was the last of the five good emperors. He came to the throne when Antoninus Pius died in 161 AD. Like Seneca and many other Romans, Marcus Aurelius believed in the Stoic philosophy. One of the first things he did as emperor was to insist on sharing power [...]

Montanus and Montanism – an early Christian heresy

By |2018-04-24T23:07:40+00:00August 22nd, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Montanus and Montanism: This is the amphitheater in ancient Carthage where Romans killed Christians during the Decian persecution. Montanism was a Christian heresy. A man named Montanus started it; he lived in the Roman Empire about 170 AD. Montanus lived in Phrygia (modern Turkey). We know about him from the Christian historian Eusebius [...]

The Shoshone fight the United States

By |2018-05-17T16:30:44+00:00August 14th, 2017|History, Native American|

Shoshone history: a Shoshone woman and baby The Shoshone get horses After the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 AD, some Shoshone people in Wyoming bought horses. These horse-riders split off from the other Shoshone and became the Comanche. At that point, Shoshone history becomes separate from Comanche history. (Read more about the Comanche) The rest of the Shoshone still [...]

The Paiute fight the United States

By |2017-08-13T22:51:17+00:00August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

Sarah Winnemucca At first the Paiute didn't see any of the Spanish invaders who conquered the Pueblo people around 1500 AD, but they still felt the effects of the invasion. Spanish demands for workers led the Navajo and the Ute to made raids into Paiute land to capture people to sell as slaves. Around 1700, the Paiute were able to buy horses from the Ute (and indirectly from the Pueblo [...]