Scythians

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Who were the Persians? Persian Empire – Iran – history

By |2018-10-30T07:40:22+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia, Where|

The Persians came from the Central Asian steppe The Persians and the Medes Around 1200 BC, some Indo-European people from Central Asia moved south into West Asia. These people were the Persians and the Medes. Who were the Indo-Europeans? More Central Asia articles More West Asia (Middle East) articles Nomads and cattle-herders in Central Asia The Persians [...]

Who were the Scythians? Central Asian history

By |2018-04-24T11:39:59+00:00September 14th, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Scythian history: A Scythian milking a sheep (Tolstaja Mogila kurgan, Ukraine, 400 BC) Scythians lived in Central Asia The Scythians were a large group of loosely connected people who lived in Russia. They also lived further south around the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea.  Like the Hittites, the Greeks and the Germans, they were Indo-Europeans. Powerful in the Iron Age We [...]

Early Medieval Russia

By |2017-08-02T14:45:48+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Ukrainian landscape In 500 BC, we might have called the people living in Russia Scythians. But then between about 300 and 800 AD, a lot of people passed through Russia. Most of them were moving from Central Asia towards Europe, from east to west. One after another, the Ostrogoths, the Avars, the Huns, and the Magyars all passed through Russia. But all [...]

Huns – Central Asian history

By |2018-04-18T09:53:58+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

A drawing of a Hunnic plaque The Huns probably came from western China, where they were known as the Xiong-nu. They were part of the group of Turkic people (some of whom later became the Ottomans) who gradually took over most of Asia and eastern Europe during the Middle Ages. The Huns may have lived in northern China [...]

The Yamnaya and the Indo-European language family

By |2018-04-21T13:20:00+00:00July 27th, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Yamnaya get around: Map of the spread of Indo-European languages Who were the Yamnaya? People we call the Yamnaya (Ukrainian for "People who lived in pits") seem to have been speaking an early version of the Indo-European language at least as early as 5000 BC in the area between the Black Sea and the Caspian [...]

Penthesileia and Achilles – Greek mythology

By |2018-04-23T10:11:12+00:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Achilles and Penthesileia, on an Athenian vase painted by Exekias Penthesileia (pen-tha-sill-AY-ah) was the Queen of the Amazons, in Greek mythology. The Amazons were a group of warriors who were all women and girls. Penthesileia's story happens a little before the time of the Trojan War, in the Late Bronze Age. So Penthesileia and the Amazons lived to [...]

Who are the Amazons? Scythian women

By |2018-04-23T10:06:36+00:00July 14th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

A Greek depiction of an Amazon (Athens, ca. 420 BC; Wikimedia) The Amazons, in Greek mythology, were a group of warriors who were all women and girls. There were no men among them. One famous Greek story about the Amazons is the story of Penthesileia. According to the Greeks, the Amazons lived to the north of Greece, [...]

Herodotus and his Histories – Who was Herodotus? – Ancient Greece

By |2018-05-11T23:08:35+00:00July 10th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

A story from Herodotus: Stone statues of Kleobis and Biton Herodotus: "Father of History" Who was Herodotus? People sometimes call Herodotus the "father of history." Herodotus was the first writer that we know of (probably really the first) who tried to (in his own words) find out what had happened in the past [...]

What was the Ionian revolt?

By |2018-04-23T07:17:34+00:00July 7th, 2017|Greeks, History, West Asia|

Theater of Miletus Cyrus the Great In 539 BC, Cyrus the Great made himself the King of Kings. He ruled all of West Asia. Along the coast of Anatolia (modern Turkey), Cyrus conquered the Lydians. Then he conquered the Greek cities that had been dependent on Lydia (LIH-dee-uh). The people who lived in [...]