Samanids

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Vikings – Early Medieval Scandinavia

By |2018-04-24T08:19:15+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

A Viking ship. Viking trade took the Vikings all over the world.  Who were the Vikings? The Vikings were Indo-European people from Scandinavia (modern Denmark, Norway and Sweden). Around the 400s AD the Vikings started to make frequent raids by boat into Europe. They even went into the Mediterranean Sea and raided Sicily and southern Italy. The Vikings started to attack the Atlantic coast [...]

Ibn Sina (Avicenna) – Medieval Islamic medicine – Islamic Empire

By |2018-04-24T08:21:22+00:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Where Ibn Sina came from: Uzbekistan Ibn Sina and the Samanids in Uzbekistan Ibn Sina (known to Europeans as Avicenna) was a scientist. He was born about 980 AD in the north-eastern part of the Abbasid Empire. That was in the kingdom of the Samanids. (It's modern Uzbekistan.) The Samanids supported science and art, so many scientists and artists [...]

Al Razi – Medieval Islamic science

By |2018-04-24T08:21:22+00:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

A manuscript copy of Al Razi's writing (from 1094 AD) Al Razi was born in Iran, in the Samanid kingdom, in 865 AD, when Iran was part of the Abbasid Empire. The Samanids were traders who encouraged education and the arts, and many scientists and artists lived in their kingdom. Al Razi seems to have started out as [...]

Shahnameh – Islamic Literature

By |2017-07-26T09:31:51+00:00July 26th, 2017|Islam, Literature|

Death of Iskandar (Alexander), from the Great Mongol Shahnameh (Iran, 1330s AD) In the 900s AD, Central Asia was the most civilized part of the world. The universities and libraries of Iran and Afghanistan were famous for a thousand miles in every direction. The Iranian Al-Tabari had recently finished writing his huge Islamic History. Here, in [...]

Sogdians in China – History of Central Asia

By |2017-05-31T17:22:37+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Sogdian traders in China about 550 AD (Musee Guimet) Even after the fall of the Han Dynasty, the Sogdians still controlled Silk Road trade between West Asia and China. By the 300s AD the Sogdians seem to have been the main traders not only between China and West Asia, but also between China and [...]

Samanids – History of Central Asia

By |2018-04-16T13:42:12+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

The tomb of the Samanid rulers. Bukhara, Uzbekistan, about 900 AD. The Samanids were people who lived in the easternmost part of the Abbasid Empire, in the 800s AD. The Samanids were pretty much the descendants of the Sogdians who lived in that area before them. Like the Sogdians, they were Indo-Europeans. Samanid people [...]

Turks and Timur – Central Asian History

By |2018-04-18T09:53:21+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

The Mongol court (1200s AD) Starting around 300 AD the Indo-Europeans in Central Asia began to lose ground to the Altaic people. The Altaic people divided into the Mongols and the Turks. One mixed group of Mongols and Turks, the Rouran, formed an empire north and west of China (modern Mongolia and Uzbekistan). Their [...]

What is a yurt? Central Asian architecture

By |2017-10-05T14:52:35+00:00May 31st, 2017|Architecture, Central Asia|

Yurts- the houses of Central Asia The nomadic people of Central Asia generally lived in yurts, portable houses made of a foldable wood frame with feltedwool coverings over it. (This is actually a lot like our houses, which are also wood frame and sometimes use felt for insulation). These are some yurts. Other [...]