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3 10, 2017

Roman North Africa – Carthage to Augustine

By |2019-08-21T09:32:16-07:00October 3rd, 2017|Africa|0 Comments

Roman North Africa: This is the amphitheater in ancient Carthage where Romans killed Christians during the Decian persecution. Carthage controls the Mediterranean By the 300s BC, the North African port of Carthage was actively engaged in policing the whole Mediterranean. Carthage made treaties, for instance, with the Etruscans in Italy, to protect the Etruscans from [...]

15 09, 2017

The alphabet replaces cuneiform – West Asian writing

By |2019-09-04T08:13:14-07:00September 15th, 2017|West Asia|0 Comments

This inscription from Kandahar, in Afghanistan, has Greek writing at the top, translated into Aramaic at the bottom. The Mauryan Indian king Ashoka put it up about 258 BC. When the Assyrian Empire collapsed in the 600s BC, the short-lived Babylonian Empire also used cuneiform writing. But when the Persians took over West Asia in 539 BC [...]

22 08, 2017

Byzantine Iconoclasm: History of Christianity

By |2019-09-09T19:03:29-07:00August 22nd, 2017|Medieval, Religion|0 Comments

Byzantine iconoclasm: an Icon of St. Nicholas (Russia) Byzantine iconoclasm By the early 700s AD, the Roman Empire had seen four hundred years of religious arguments about what or who Jesus Christ was. The Arians believed that Christ was all god. The Catholics believed that Christ was entirely and inseparably both god and man. What is Arianism? History of Christianity [...]

3 08, 2017

Dante Alighieri – Inferno – Middle Ages

By |2018-10-02T07:17:25-07:00August 3rd, 2017|Literature, Medieval|0 Comments

Dante Alighieri, painted by Giotto about 1320 AD Dante wrote in Italian, not Latin Since the time of the Romans, writers who lived in Italy had always written in Latin. Virgil wrote in Latin, Ovid wrote in Latin, and Gregory the Great and St. Benedict wrote in Latin. Thomas Aquinas wrote in Latin. Who was St. Benedict? Who was Thomas Aquinas? More Middle Ages articles [...]

1 08, 2017

Medieval art history – Europe

By |2017-08-01T07:56:10-07:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|0 Comments

A Late Antique ivory carving Roman art, German art, and Islamic art mixed together in Europe in the Early Middle Ages to create a new form, which we call medieval art. Art historians divide medieval art into Early Medieval, Romanesque, and Gothic art. But these types of art looked different in different places, and in the hands of [...]

27 06, 2017

Iron Age art of northern Europe

By |2019-09-26T08:21:33-07:00June 27th, 2017|Art, Northern Europe|0 Comments

Iron Age art: Villanovan cremation urn with helmet on top (ca. 900 BC) Is it okay to represent people? In the beginning of the Iron Age, about 1000 BC, people in Europe were still reluctant to represent the human form. The Villanovan cremation urns are just clay pots made to hold people's ashes, but [...]

26 06, 2017

Iron Age buildings of northern Europe

By |2019-09-26T05:00:20-07:00June 26th, 2017|Architecture, Northern Europe|0 Comments

Iron Age buildings: a Roman bath building in Trier, in southern Germany, about 300 AD Roman buildings in northern Europe By the time of the Roman Empire, about 1 AD, many people in Northern Europe were living under Roman rule, and their buildings began to look more and more like Roman buildings from [...]

17 05, 2017

Early African History

By |2019-09-14T06:44:31-07:00May 17th, 2017|Africa|6 Comments

Early African history: Pyramids at Giza, Egypt The first modern humans About three and a half million years ago, primates like chimpanzees in Africa started to come down out of the trees and evolve into modern people, walking upright and maybe swimming. More about chimpanzees Early primates/humans When did people learn to swim? All our [...]